FOIA and the Emergence of Federal Information Policy in the 1980s and 1990s

Published as chapter 4 of
G. David Garson (ed), Handbook of Public Information Systems
(NY: Marcel Dekker, 2000).

Draft as submitted
By Jeremy R. T. Lewis
Huntingdon College, Montgomery Alabama

| Text of article I Table of Contents | Table of Executive Orders | Bibliography |

Adler, AR. Counsel to Center for National Security Studies, American Civil Liberties Union. Interviews with the author.

Administrative Conference of the US. 1988. Recommendation 88-10 (8-9 Dec 1988). Federal agency use of computers in acquiring and releasing information. Fed Register Feb 2, 1989 54:5207.

Associated Press. GOP asks for secure U.S. labs. Montgomery Advertiser, June 23, 1999.

Bush, President George. Statement of President Bush on signing the High Seas Driftnet Fisheries Enforcement Act, PL 102-582, 106 Stat. 4900 (1992). Weekly Compilation of Presidential Documents 1992; 28:2281.

Copyright Act 17 USC 105 (1988).

FBI Counter-intelligence Telephone Subscriber Information Bill (PL 103-142, codified at 107 Stat. 1491, amending 18 USC 2709 (b)) enacted Nov 17, 1993.

Federal Maritime Commission's public tariff files act 46 USC 1707a (Supp. 1994). (online submission-and-dissemination ATFI system).

Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act of 1978 (FISA), 50 USC 1801.

Foreign Relations Authorization Act, FY 1994 and 1995 (HR 2333). (1994) Title IX. PL 103-236, 108 Stat 529, 50 USC 401.

Freedom of Information Reform Act, 1986. 100 Stat 3207, 3207-08.

Gellman, R. Twin evils: government copyright and copyright-like controls over government information. Syracuse Law Rev 1995; 45(3):999-1072.

Grace, J. Annual Report, 1991-92, Information Commissioner of Canada. Ottawa, Canada: Minister of Supply and Services, 1992.

Hammitt, H. In Brief ... Access Reports, Oct 9, 1996, pp. 14-15.

Moynihan Commission on Protecting and Reducing Government Secrecy (1995-1997). Secrecy: report of the Commission on Protecting and Reducing Government Secrecy. (S.Doc. 105-2). Washington, DC: USGPO, 1997.

Moynihan Commission on Protecting and Reducing Government Secrecy (1995-1997). Work plan and timetable of the commission. (With letter and attachments). Washington DC: Moynihan Commission, 1995.

Myers, DD. Presidential press secretary, 1993-1994. Speech at Huntingdon College, April 1999.

National Security Agency (NSA). Letter to Holly Gwin, White House Office of Science and Technology, May 4, 1993.

Nazi War Crimes Records Act (PL 104-309, codified at 110 Stat 3815), Oct 19, 1996.

Office of Technology Assessment. Scientific Validity of Polygraph Testing: A Research Review and Evaluation. OTA-TM-H-15. Washington, DC: OTA, November 1983.

Paperwork Reduction Act, 44 USC 3501-3520 (1986).

Perritt, H. Electronic acquisition and release of federal agency information. Report to the Administrative Conference of the US, Oct 1, 1988.

Perritt, H. Electronic acquisition and release of federal agency information: an analysis of ACUS recommendations. Admin Law Rev 1989; 41:253, 310.

Peters, M. Register of copyrights. Testimony Before the House Committee on Judiciary Subcommittee on Courts and Intellectual Property. July 23, 1998. (Federal News Service via Lexis.)

Protection of Operational Files of the CIA Act (PL 98-477, 98 Stat 2209, 50 USC 431), enacted October 15, 1984.

Rader, R. Staff counsel to Senator Orrin Hatch (R-UT), subcommittee on the Constitution of the Committee on the Judiciary, U.S. Senate. Interview with the author.

Sprehe, T. Information policy specialist and primary author of Circular A-130, Office of Information and Regulatory Affairs, US Office of Management and Budget. Interview with the author, 1988.

Starr, KW. The Starr report : the findings of independent counsel Kenneth W. Starr on President Clinton and the White House scandals. New York: Public Affairs, 1998.

Stephanopoulos, G. All too human : a political education. Boston: Little, Brown, 1999.

Strickland, LS. Chief, Information Review Group, CIA. Testimony before the House Government Reform and Oversight Committee Subcommittee on Government Management, Information and Technology. (May 11, 1998).

US Department of Interior. Report of the National Performance Review, Freedom of Information Act Reinvention Team. Washington, DC: USGPO, September, 1995.

US Office of Management and Budget.. Guidance on the FOIA Amendments of 1986. Federal Register 1987; 52:10012, 10017.

US House. Committee on Education and Labor. Report on Education, Research, Development and Dissemination Excellence Act. House Report 102-845 to accompany HR 4014. Washington DC: USGPO, 1992.

US General Accounting Office. Freedom of Information Act: noncompliance with affirmative disclosure provisions. Report GAO/GGD-86-68, April 1986.

US House, Committee on Government Operations; and US Senate, Committee on Judiciary. Hearings on Executive Privilege, Secrecy in Government, Freedom of Information. Volume III: Appendix. Washington, DC: USGPO, 1973.

US House. Committee on Government Operations. Reauthorization of the National Historical Publications and Records Commission. Washington, DC: USGPO, 1993.

US Office of Management and Budget. Management of federal information resources. Circular A-130. Fed Register 1985; 50 (247):52730-52751. Corrects earlier.

User Fee Act, 31 USC 9701 (1982).

Wise, Rep. Robert. The Dangers of Fees for Government Information. Congressional Rec 1991; 137:H5638-06.

Zobrist, BK, II. Reform in the classification and declassification of national security information: Nixon Executive Order 11,652. Iowa Law Rev, 1973; 59(1).