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PSC 212: American
Map of Alabama's Federal
Districts, and List of Delegates to the Congress:
To what degree does each
member fit the district, and how?
To what degree does each member
serve the district's interests, in committees?
compiled from introductory level student outlines, by
PhD, revised 18 April 2017 with new map
Alabama's federal districts,
2002-2010, and 2012- (Map)
Muscle Shoals, Decatur,
Rep. Parker Griffith, then Mo
hill country, Gadsden
Rep. Robert Aderholt
Black belt, rural west,
Rep. Artur Davis, then Terri
Mobile & Baldwin counties
Rep. Jo Bonner
Tuscaloosa & Birmingham
Rep. Spencer Bachus
Rep. Mike Rogers (R-03)
District 2 [includes HC]:
Rep. Terry Everett, then
then Martha Roby (D-02)
Alabama's federal districts,
2002-2010, before redistricting
Federal Delegation from Alabama:
Original notes on districts 3, 5 & 7 plus Sen.
Sessions, by Larry Newton;
Other original notes by Joshua Robinson, spring 2006,
unless otherwise noted.
-city of Mobile is the focus of the district—squarely
Republican in national elections
District 2 (outline
from Chase Rogers, and partly from Jeremy Lewis, 2008)
-also includes Baldwin Co., one of the 2 fastest
growing counties in AL
-demographic data compatible with state data
-President Bush carried district in 2004 with 60
percent of the votes -- very Republican district
-one of the most Republican parts of AL
- notes added by Bianca Scott, Spring 2010
District one is considered the deep southern region
-includes part of Clarke, Baldwin, Monroe,
Escambia, Washington, and most of all Mobile County.
Jo Bonner (R)
-mainly timber production but also has lots of
farming as well
-strong Republican Area
-Bonner elected in 2002, 1st time
running for office, formerly long term aide to Rep. Sonny Callahan
whom he replaced
Republican Jo Bonner - notes added by Bianca Scott,
-After primaries, won landslide victory over Dem.
-born in Selma, AL
-graduated at UA
-Been the Republican Congressman for our district
for four consecutive terms
-also is Assistant Republican Whip
-2002: won by 60%
-cutting govt spending to get the deficit under
control (no bailouts)
-protecting borders from illegal immigration
-against a national healthcare plan
-lower taxes and less govt interference will create
-strongly opposes Obama’s closing of the prison in
Flat countryside with major river system
Large population in two military bases, Maxwell AFB
and Fort Rucker.
Much of revenue comes from Montgomery
Much of population lives in rural wiregrass area in
southern part of district, with centers in Troy, Geneva, Ozark and
Republican, conservative district with defense
industry (Sikorski helicopters, Martin missiles)
Universities: several campuses of Troy University,
plus historically black Alabama State University.
Rep. Terry Everett - R, until retirement in 2008
Bobby Neal Bright, Sr. (2009-2011)
* was born July 7, 1952 in Midland City,
Alabama on a cotton farm
* Took up a job in metalworking to pay
* Attended Auburn University –Political
* Worked as an auditor after college
* Attended Troy University for a degree
in criminal justice, used as a corrections officer
* After seeing young people enter into
the prison he worked at he decided to go into law
* Went to Thomas Goode Jones School of
Law at Faulkner University
* Practiced for 15 years before going
* Married to retired District Judge Lynn
Clardy Bright, whom he has had 3 children with
* Elected as Mayor of Montgomery in
1999, when he actually defeated the incumbent
* Known for revitalizing downtown,
creating a rainy day fund, named Tourism Advocate of the Year by the
governor, and brought new jobs
to the area.
* Ran for District 2 Representative
against Republican Jay Love in 2008 when he first picked a party
affiliation – Democrat
* Opposes Abortion and Gun
Control-Fairly Populist-Similar to Southern Democrat of the 1970’s
* He’s on the Committee on Agriculture,
Armed Services, and Small Business
Rep. Martha Roby [R], 2011-
by Melyssa Rouse, Spring 2015
* Currently serving her third term as rep.
* Born and raised in Montgomery
* Served as a councilman and lawyer in
Montgomery before becoming rep.
* Has a Bachelor of Music from New York
University and a law degree from Cumberland School of Law at Samford
* She has given strong support for the military
and helped keep Maxwell Air Force Base in Montgomery
* In 2014, she was appointed by John Boehner to
the Benghazi Select Committee, a committee to keep the military prepared
and how they need to respond to the Benghazi terror attacks
* One interesting thing is that she is for gun
control in a district that has two military bases and mostly consist of
farm land and small towns
slides by Austin Ohliger, spring 2016
Alabama's 3rd Congressional District &
U.S. Representative Mike Rogers
District 3 demographics
Includes portions of Montgomery county and all of
Calhoun, Chambers, Cherokee, Clay, Cleburne, Lee, Macon, Randolph,
Russell, St. Clair, Talladega, and Tallapoosa counties
District 3 politics
Encompasses 7,988 square miles
53.3% urban, 46.7% rural
As of 2000, population is 635,300
On the poorer side with a median income of
64.9% White, 32.2% Black, 0.6% Asian,
1.2% Hispanic, 0.3% Native American, 0.8% other
33.1% blue collar, 51.7% white collar,
15.2% gray collar (security, firefighters,
Currently represented by Republican Mike Rogers
Introduction to district: [notes from Russ
Barnwell, spring 2010]
Leans Republican in federal elections
Has voted Republican in last 4 elections
2000- Bush 52%
Has had a Republican in the House since 1997 with
2004- Bush 58%
2008- McCain 56%
2012- Romney 62%
(R) Mike Rogers
Serving as U.S. Representative for District 3
Served as Member of the Alabama House of
Representatives from the 36th district from 1994-2002
Graduated with Honors from Birmingham School of
Law and began a general law practice in Anniston
Started his own practice becoming the largest law
practice in Anniston
Rogers defeated Larry DiChiara in the Republican
primary on March 1, 2016
Incumbent Mike Rogers will face Democrat, Jesse
Smith, in the general election
Area: 7,988 sq. miles
• Mike Rogers-R
Distribution: 53.3% urban, 46.7% rural
Population: 635,300 in 2000
Median Income: $30,806
Ethnicity: 64.9% White, 32.2% Black, 1.2% Hispanic,
.6% Asian, .3% Native American, .8% Other
• Covers Calhoun, Chambers, Cherokee, Clay,
Cleburne, Lee, Macon, Randolph, Russell, Talladega, and Tallapoosa.
Also covers parts of Montgomery and Coosa Counties.
• Cities include Anniston, Oxford, Jacksonville,
Talladega, Tuskegee, and Auburn, along with some of Montgomery.
• John McCain carried the district in 2008 with
56.21% of the vote.
• Currently represented by Mike Rogers, formerly by
o Assumed office January 3, 2003. Prior to this
served in Alabama House of Representatives as a member and later as
District 3 [previous notes]
o 51 years old, married to Beth.
o Graduate of Jacksonville State, located in
o Ranked as 402nd most effective Congressman by
Knowlegis, a nonpartisan lobbying information firm.
o Votes with Republican party 85.88% of the time.
o 2008 Election: Mike Rogers (53%) v. Josh Segall
- This election showcases Mike Rogers’
vulnerability despite being an incumbant. This seat could be a pick-up
for Democrats if they nominate a strong candidate in a cycle that is
favorable to them (not 2010).
[end of notes from Russ Barnwell, spring 2010]
Major cities covered are: Lineville, Anniston,
Phenix City, Tuskegee, Talladega, and Auburn
Rep. Mike Rogers- R
district used to be dominated by old populist
democrats, but income, population and Republican identifiers have
First elected in 2002 by beating Joe Turnham and
re-elected in 2004 against Bill Fuller
Serves on Agriculture, Armed Forces, and Homeland
Education: Jacksonville St. U., B.A. 1981, M.P.A.
1984, Birmingham School of Law, J.D. 1991
Other offices held: Calhoun County Commission,
1986-1990; AL House of Reps., 1994-2002, Min. Ldr., 1998-2000
Congressman Robert B. Aderholt
January 2011, sworn in to serve his
eighth term representing Alabama’s Fourth Congressional District
Aderholt serves on the House Cybersecurity Task
Force. The task force, a new panel for the 112th Congress, is charged
with examining current policies and laying the foundation to address the
Nation’s cybersecurity initiatives. He is also a member of the
Commission on Security and Cooperation in Europe (also known as the
Aderholt believes the federal government serves a
critical role in assisting state and local projects and economic
development efforts. He continues to support prow-growth initiatives
that create jobs, strong immigration standards and robust national
Born on July 22, 1965, and raised in Alabama,
Aderholt and his wife, Caroline, reside in Haleyville with their
daughter, Mary Elliott, and their son, Robert Hayes.
Aderholt served as an aide to Governor Fob
James and as a Municipal Judge in Haleyville, Alabama
Educated through Alabama's public school system,
Aderholt went on to graduate from Birmingham Southern College and from
the Cumberland School of Law at Samford University.
When Congress is in session, his family joins him in
It encompasses the counties of
Franklin, Marion, Lamar, Fayette, Walker, Winston, Cullman, Blount,
Marshall, Etowah, and DeKalb. It also includes parts of Morgan and
Pickens counties, as well as parts of the Decatur Metropolitan Area and
the Huntsville-Decatur Combined Statistical Area.
4th District Recent Voting Trends
Area - 8,524 mi²
Land Distribution - 26.5% urban, 73.5% rural
Population (2000) – 635,300
Median Income - $31,344
Ethinicity - 90.4% White, 5.1% Black, 0.2% Asian, 3%
Hispanic, 0.4% Native American, 0.8% other
Work - 40.8% blue collar, 46% white collar, 13.2%
-Solidly Dem. Through the 1950s—populists on
economics, conservatives on culture
-mean income is lower than the state average
-probably due to the fact that there are many more
blue collar workers
-over 90 percent white—largest percent of any AL
President Bush carried the district in 2004 by 2-1,
illustrating the Republican trend.
-Great steel mills built after civil war; also home
to factories for underwear, tires, glass and chemicals, socks, and
-now a mostly Rep. district—most pronounced in
counties close to B-ham and I-65
-between Huntsville and B-ham includes cities of
Cullman, Jasper, Russelville, Fort Payne, Alvertville, and Gadsden
(which is the largest city in the district with only 34,000)
-Formally a swing district, but redistricting made it
much more Rep.
Robert Aderholt (R) (with additions on Rep.
Aderholt by D. Cole Muzio, 2008)
-Aderholt elected in 1996 to replace a retiring,
30yr Dem., Tom Bevill -- shows the shift in AL politics from D>>
Aderholt was educated at Birmingham Southern
College and Cumberland School of Law. His website (2008)
populism with policy stands for working families'
health care and raising the minimum wage
social conservatism (he co-sponsored the ban on
partial birth abortions; for faith)
national security conservatism (for a national
missile defense, oil drilling, border enforcement and the Iraq war.)
southern conservatism (pro states' rights)
Alabama District 5 And Representatives Parker
Griffith and Mo Brooks, by Katy Hall, spring 2012
Where is District 5?
District 5 Area- 4,689 mi²
Representative Parker Griffith
Major cities include Muscle Shoals, Huntsville,
Madison, Scottsburo, Decatur, and Florence
Population (2000)- 635,300
Distribution- 49.4% urban, 40.6% rural
Ethnicity- 77.7% White, 16.9% Black, 1% Asian, 2%
Hispanic, 0.9% Native American, 1.5% other
Occupation- 29.6% blue collar, 57.1% white
collar, 13.3% gray collar
Median income- $38,054
Born August 6, 1942
Griffith vs. Brooks
Served as District 5 Rep. from 2009-2011
Was a member of the Democratic Party until December
Is now a member of the Republican Party
Lost the Republican Primary in 2011
Other occupations- Radiation
Oncologist and United States Army Reserve Medical Unit
Margin of the 2010 election: Mo Brooks 51%, Parker
Griffith 33%, Les Phillip 16%
Views of Griffith
Lost to Mo Brooks in 2010
Rematch of 2012- Brooks defeated him in the rematch
71%-29%, a landslide margin of 42 points.
Brooks won all 5 counties
He is a fiscal conservative who has called
repeatedly for reducing the national debt.
District 5 Today
strong supporter of NASA and America's dominance in
He is in favor of increased defense spending,
supports gun rights, a balanced budget, secure borders, investment in
nuclear power and offshore drilling and is pro-life.
He opposes same-sex marriage.
voted against the Affordable Health Care for
America Act, cap-and-trade legislation and the 2009 economic stimulus
Red or Blue
Switched Parties on December 22, 2009
He cited the health care bill as a major reason for
his switch, and had also clashed with the Democrats over fiscal and
foreign policy. During his announcement, he stated:
"I believe our nation is at a crossroads and I can
no longer align myself with a party that continues to pursue
legislation that is bad for our country, hurts our economy, and drives
us further and further into debt."
District 5 is currently represented by Republican
Mo Brooks, a former Madison County Commissioner.
Major Cities- Muscle Shoals, Huntsville, Madison,
Scottsburo, Decatur, and Florence.
Brooks was elected in 2010 after defeating
Democrat-turned-Republican incumbent Parker Griffith in the 2010
Brooks later went on to defeat Democrat Steve Raby
in the November general election.
District 5 by Paul Mielke, spring 2009
• Major Cities- Muscle Shoals, Huntsville, Madison,
Scottsburo, Decatur, and Florence
• According to U.S. Census data, Alabama District 5
is 59.44 percent urban, 19.96 percent non-white, and has a population
that is 1.98 percent Latino and 2.61 percent foreign-born. 1.59 percent
of adults working in Rep. Griffith's district commute using public
transportation, on a bike or on foot. 7.89 percent of adults aged 25 and
older in Griffith's district have a Master's, PhD or Professional
Rep. Parker Griffith - D, 2009- notes by
Paul Mielke, Spring 2009
Griffith is pro life, believes that illegals who
enter this country illegally should not be allowed to have
citizenship, believes in drilling in Alaska…
Rep. Bud Cramer- D, retired 2008
First elected 1990- this is his 8th term
Serves on Appropriations and Permanent Select
Committee on Intelligence Committees
Education: U. of AL, B.A. 1969; J.D. 1972
Military Career: Army 1972; Army Reserves
Professional Career: Instructor, U. of AL Law
School, Director Clinical Studies Program 1972-1973; Madison County
Asst. D.A. 1973-1975; practicing attorney. 1975-1980; Madison County
D.A. 1981-1990; Founder National Children’s Advocacy Center 1985
[Kylie Piercy added some notes below, in 2008]
Bud Cramer has been awarded the 2008 Spirit of
Enterprise Award. This recognizes him for his support of
businesses in Alabama and across the U.S. during the first session of
the 110 th Congress.
His stand on Healthcare is that he supports and
believes that Congress needs to provide the necessities for
Pharmacists, physicians, nurses, and others in medical fields, so that
the best health care and medical services can be made possible.
He also believes that the federal government is
responsible to give children the best possible education to make them
more productive citizens.
-B-ham area which used to be a huge steel town until
the 1950s when American steel started losing to the Japanese
District 7: Notes
by Jassmine P. Riley, Spring 2014
-Now health care and banking are two largest
industries—largest Southern banking center after Charlotte.
à shift from blue to white collar workers helps
explain the shift from Dem. to Rep. in AL
District has some college population in Tuscaloosa,
Birmingham & smaller campuses elsewhere.
-Exodus of white people out of B-ham over the past
decade—now 74 percent black
-whites move to Shelby Co. which grew 44 percent in
the 90s (fastest in the state) and is now over 90 percent white.
-As a result, Jefferson Co., which was once Rep., is
now strongly Dem. and Shelby Co. is one of the most Rep. areas in the
state (voted 74 percent for Bush in 2000)
-district includes the Rep. parts of Jefferson Co.,
stretches Southwest to Tuscaloosa, and down I-65 to Montgomery
-median income over $12,000 above the state average
-due to the majority of white collar workers
-district almost 90 percent white
District 6 -- notes by Aarendy Gomez, Spring
• Counties of District 6: Bibb, Shelby, Chilton,
parts of Jefferson, parts of Coosa, and parts of Tuscaloosa.
• Population: Based on the Census of 2002 the
population is over 635,000.
• Race: Majority is white by 89.7%. Blacks are only
7.7%. Others (Hispanic, Asian, Native America,…) 2.6%.
• Occupation: The dominant job field is management
and professional jobs by 38.5%, followed by sales and office jobs by
• The median income is $40,633. (high)
• Birmingham is the biggest city in Alabama
• Tuscaloosa is home of the Mercedes Factory
where M-class SUV’s are made.
• University of Alabama, UAB, Birmingham Southern,
Stillman, and Samford are some of the universities and colleges that
District 6 have.
Spencer Bachus (R)
• Bachus is originally from Birmingham, Alabama.
• Education: He graduated from Auburn University and
from the University Of Alabama School Of Law.
• This is Bachus’s 9th term in the U.S. House of
• Bachus’s views are similar of the people from
• He is a conservative who supports
- Strong National Defense
Black Belt Counties, plus black parts of cities- part
of Tuscaloosa, Vance, and part of Birmingham, and parts of Montgomery
and Lowndes Counties. Counties: Choctaw, Dallas, Greene, Hale , Lowndes,
Marengo, Pickens, Perry, Sumter, & Wilcox.
It also encompasses portions of Clarke, Jefferson,
Montgomery, and Tuscaloosa counties.
Poorest district but diverse: Majority Minority and
Democratic, UAB medical school is included along with the civil rights
Largest Schools: Alabama State University, University
of Alabama, University of Alabama at Birmingham
Rep. Artur Davis- (D) 2003-2011
First elected 2002 by beating Lauren Orth McCay and
again in 2004 against Steve Cameron
Rep. Terri Sewell (D) 2011-
Davis serves on Budget and Financial Services
Education: Harvard U., B.A. 1990, J.D. 1993
[classmate of Barack Obama]
Professional Career: Asst. U.S. Atty. 1994-1998 and
practicing attorney, 1998-2002
born 1968 in Montgomery, attended Jefferson Davis
Did not seek support of black organizations in a
majority minority district and did not support Affordable Care Act.
Joined NAACP in support of more Black Federal
Judges and supported Affordable Care Act.
-old AL democrat
-broke with the Democratic Party during the Clinton
administration [after the 1994 election, which produced Republican
majority in HR]
-very well respected in the state, probably partial
cause for the shift in state politics from Dem. to Rep.
-Shelby criticized Clinton’s economic plan for its
-very public show, humiliated Al Gore on national
-voted against the administration on every issue
-finally switched parties in 1994—huge victory for
Republicans b/c Shelby is a long standing senator and holds a lot of
-Chairman of Intelligence Committee, takes an
adversarial approach to intelligence organizations and was the cause of
several high ranking officials to lose their jobs
-Chairman of Banking Committee—big on privacy issues
-Chairman of Transportation Appropriations
-very conservative on domestic issue and social
issues, not a free market purist
-voted against Voting Rights Act and Martin Luther
-has a very safe seat in the Senate
First elected in 1996 and in his second term with
very conservative record
Junior US Senator: Jeff Sessions
Education: Huntingdon College, B.A. 1969 (History
& political science); U. of AL, J.D. 1973
Elected Office: AL Atty. Gen. 1994-1996
Professional Career: practicing attorney. 1973-1975,
1977-1981, 1993-1994; Asst. U.S. Atty. 1975-1977; U.S. Atty. 1981-1993
Serves on Armed Forces; Budget; Health, Education,
Labor and Pensions; Judiciary; and Joint Economic Committees
By: Ragin Berry, spring 2016
Was born in Selma, Alabama.
Graduated from Huntingdon College in 1969, and
furthered to receive a Juris Doctorate degree from the University of
Alabama in 1973.
He served in the United States Army Reserve from
1973 to 1986 and attained the rank of Captain.
* Sessions considers that period to be one of
the most rewarding chapter of his life.
Practicing attorney in Russellville, Alabama, and
then in Mobile.
Assistant United States Attorney for the Southern
District of Alabama (1975-1977)
Nominated by President Reagan in 1981 and confirmed
by the Senate to serve as the United States Attorney for Alabama’s
Southern District (held this position for 12 years)
Was elected Alabama Attorney General in 1995,
serving as the state’s Chief Legal Officer until 1997
Sessions has focused his energies on maintaining:
*Strong advocate of the four major defense
installations in Alabama; which include Fort Rucker, Maxwell Air Force
Base, Redstone Arsenal, and the Anniston Army Depot
Upholding the rule of law
Empowering Americans to keep more of their hard
Limiting the role of government
Providing tax relief to help economic growth
Immigration; Sessions was a leading opponent of the
2007 amnesty bill and 2013 “Gang of Eight” amnesty bill.
The Gang of Eight bill opened up welfare and
citizenship to millions of illegal aliens, issued 33 million green
cards in a single decade, and doubled the annual flow of temporary
workers to fill jobs at lower wages.
Defense and Veterans’ Affairs; Sessions is a senior
member on the Strategic Forces Subcommittee. He is firm in his belief
that America’s young men and women deserve all the support and
resources of their federal government.
Oversees all U.S. nuclear weapons, missile
defense, and strategic strike programs.
Budget, The Economy, And Taxes; Believes we should
grow the economy-not the government-and that we should create more
jobs instead of more debt.
Strong advocate for protecting American security
through deterrence and defense.
Sessions has earned the reputation as a tough
Authored the HEROES (Honoring Every Requirement of
Exemplary Service) Act, which increases the payment received by the
families of fallen combat soldiers from $12,000 to $100,000.
Authored the Paul Coverdell National Forensic
Sciences Improvement Law, which authorized funds for state and local
crime labs to reduce the backlog of ballistics, blood, and DNA tests.
Sessions is a strong environmentalist, and he was
responsible for legislation that created the newest addition to the
National Wildlife Refuge system, the Mountain Longleaf National
Alabama press called Sessions the “budget hawk”, he
was selected for the 112th and 113th Congresses to serve as the
Ranking Member on the Senate Budget Committee to stop the increase in
federal spending and make tax cuts that benefit American families.
In 2014, the people of Alabama voted to return
Sessions to the Senate for a fourth term, electing him with more than
97 percent of all votes cast.
Sessions travels to all 67 counties in the state
While serving in the United States Senate, Sessions
has received numerous awards, including..
American Conservative Union Award for Conservative
Reserve Officers Association Minuteman of the Year
National Taxpayers Union Friend of the Taxpayer
Watchdogs of the Treasury Golden Bulldog Award
National Federation of Independent Business
Guardian of Small Business Award
Coalition of Republican Environment Advocates Teddy
Roosevelt Environmental Award
Alabama Farmers Federation Service to Agriculture
Governor Bob Riley
by Bianca Scott, spring 2010
-Born October 3rd, 1944 in Ashland, Clay County , AL
-Graduated from Clay County High School(1962) then
University of Alabama (1965)
-Ashland City Council, 1972-1976
52nd Governor of Alabama
-business owner; rancher; real estate agent
-represented the state’s 3rd congressional district
in congress January 3, 1997-January 3, 2003
-was elected governor of Alabama in November 2002
-focuses on economic development,
educational reforms, and making the state government more accountable to
-major economic projects that opened up new jobs and
-Believes in education reforms and expanded them,
including the Alabama Reading Initiative, the Alabama Math, Science
& Technology Initiative, First Class Pre-K, Advanced Placement
courses, and ACCESS Distance Learning.
-also proposed the largest school construction
bond issue in state history, and those funds have built and repaired
schools in every school system in Alabama
-pushes for stronger accountability laws, ban on
PAC-Pac transfers, disclosure of what lobbyist spend on officials
-currently [spring, 2010] against the gambling
bill in the Senate
Governor Robert Bentley, 53rd Governor of
Notes by Jon Harrelson, spring 2015
From Columbiana, Alabama.
Shelby County High School debate team state champion
Student body president his senior year of high
Graduated from University of Alabama with Bachelor of
Science degree in 3 years (majored in chemistry and biology)
Graduated from the University of Alabama School of
Medicine in 1968, and subsequently joined the Air Force in 1969, serving
as a general medical officer.
Opened his own dermatology practice following his
stint in the Air Force, managing to grow a few small businesses into one
of the largest practices in the Southeast, garnering himself recognition
as one of the “Best Doctor's in America,” as selected by his peers.
Lost a position in state Senate in 1998 by
only 58 votes.
Won house seat in 2002, followed by a victory in 2006
where he ran unopposed.
Made it a priority while in the house to train
primary health care providers and increase organ donor numbers.
He is against raising taxes, having signed the No New
Taxes Pledge presented by the Americans for tax reform.
Surprisingly finished ahead of Tim James in order to
get a runoff election against Bradley Byrne for the Republican
nomination in 2010, which he turned into a successful government
campaign and victory.
At this time, he stated that he does not
support gambling in Alabama, but is open to letting the people decide by
voting for its legalization in the state.
Won reelection very easily in 2014, with the largest
margin of victory for a Republican government candidate in modern
In June 2011, he signed into a law an
anti-immigration bill which was seen as the toughest of any in the
Very popular for refusing to accept a salary as
governor until state-wide unemployment reaches 5.2%, which it is still
According to his website, Alabama gained nearly
60,000 jobs during his first 3 years as governor, while he has also
recruited the potential for 50,000 more jobs in the future.
Alabama in Almanac of
American Politics, 2004
General Data: Notes by Joshua Robinson,
Population about 4.5 million in 2000
-about 1.6 percent of US population
-increase of over 10 percent from 1990
-Montgomery 2nd largest city with just
over 200,000 people
-over 70 percent white
-under 26 percent black
-73 percent of Alabamians born in the state
-only 75 percent high school graduates! -- Poor
education a big problem economically in the state
-only 19 percent college graduates!
-mostly manufacturing and professional work;
construction and trade also make up a significant proportion of AL
Parties in State Politics
-over half of Alabamians white collar workers, with
only a third being blue collar workers -- big change from the AL of the
50s in which the economy was dominated by steel and agriculture
-around 6 percent unemployment -- par with the
- median family income $34,000 -- well below national
-median home value $77,000 -- well below national
Senate: 25D 10R -- Representative of old AL politics;
southern democrats, very conservative, vote D locally and R nationally
House: 63D 42R
Gov. Bob Riley (R)