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PSC 302: Comparative Government, Timetable

revised 10/23/18, with new video links, by Jeremy Lewis.

Economist, Country Briefings | CIA World Factbook | PBS, global documentary series, "Wide Angle"
Week: [01] [02] [03] [04] [05] [Test 1] [06] [07] [08] [Research Design] [09] [10] [Test 2] [11] [12] [Research Project] [13] [14] [Final]
No classes, Fall 2016: Monday 9/5; Fridays 9/2, 9/30, 10/21, 11/4 & 11/11; and Thanksgiving 11/21-25

Weekly Readings, Topics and Questions
Week 1
Approaches to Comparative Politics [Lecture]
Hauss, 1: "Seeking New Lands, Seeing with New Eyes." (outline, 2003 edn.)

Hauss, 2: "Industrialized Democracies." (outline, 2003 edn.)

Our lecture and discussion questions
- How do manufacturing and commerce develop an economy?
- How have information economies surpassed manufacturing?
- Does democracy depend on reaching a level of education and income per head?

Hauss, 11: "The Global South'." (outline with former title, 2003 edn.)

Students' online resources for Hauss (flashcards, glossary, quizzes -- check for latest edition)
Crossword puzzle from concepts in Hauss (2009 edn. -- check for latest edition)

Lecture & discussion on common standards (currency; education; income; trade; electorate) and difficulties of comparison
- What countries should we include in our sample?
- Should we pick countries to illuminate contrasts -- or comparisons?
- By what standard should we compare?
- Why can't foreigners be more like us?
- Should comparison really be among nation states?
- Should we agree on standard units?
- Should we compare institutions -- or dynamic processes?
- What's the third world? Is that even a useful term?

Week 2: Issues of Comparison
Lecture on transcending ethnocentrism, with [PPT] of 25 maps that turn your world upside down

Crepaz 1, Becoming Modern in Europe and America
- Why did Europeans develop a secular and social democratic culture, while Americans developed a religious and liberal democratic culture?
- What was the influence of the church in medieval times and what challenges did it face from temporal rulers and from the Reformation?

Notes from Thomas Magstadt, Comparative Politics & The Regional Perspective
Matthew White, Historical Atlas of the Twentieth Century (Selections below)
World's population under various political systems (timeline to 1999)
Governments in the: 1900s | 1910s | 1920s | 1930s | 1940s1950s | 1960s | 1970s | 1980s | 1990s |
Also follow his links for urban growth, wars & atrocities, living conditions, and the economy

Lecture, illustrating diversity of regimes and economies.
- How poor are the poorest states?
- How rich are the richest states?
- How can we classify states objectively by income bands?
- Is there some consistent level of income where countries develop into democracies?

Types of State: with notes from Understanding Politics.
Notes from Magstadt & Schotten, 2: Utopias: Model States
Notes from Magstadt & Schotten, 3: Totalitarian States: Failed Utopias
Notes from Magstadt & Schotten, 4: Authoritarian States: Traditional Rule
- What categories of country are there?
- Can we derive the nature of a state from the nature of man?
- What are the purposes of forming a state?
- Which is more dangerous: an authoritarian state or a totalitarian one?
- Which is more difficult to overthrow?
Week 3: Parliamentary Institutions and Executives
Crepaz 2, Political Parties
- How do US political parties differ from those in Europe?
Crepaz 3, Electoral Systems
Notes from previous edition, Parliaments: how they are elected and how they work
- What is the fairest way to count the vote?
- Should voters select candidates -- or focus on the party?
Crepaz 4, From Legislative to Executive Authority
Notes from previous edition, Cabinet Formation & Heads of State
- How do executive leadership institutions vary across developed states?
- Can we adopt one foreign institution without affecting our others?
House of Commons: Prime Minister's Question Time.
Week4: Justice and Economic Relations
Crepaz 5, National Courts & European Court of Justice
- How do notions of justice vary across developed states?
- Can European courts develop constitutional review of the American type?
- How do principles and institutions of justice vary?
Crepaz 6,Referendum | Lectures
- Is the referendum compatible with deliberative democracy?
- Should the referendum be limited to constitutional questions?
- Can electronic democracy enhance and rejuvenate the referendum principle?
Crepaz 7 (was part of 6), Federalism

A brief familiarization with revolutionary socialism and communism
This is distinct from non-revolutionary socialism and social democracy.

Curtis v.2, Karl Marx [Reporters]
- What determines human history -- and can man change his fate?
- What is the purpose of the State, and who controls it?
- What are the main cleavages (schisms) in society?
- What would happen to the State after a communist revolution?

Curtis v.2, Vladimir Lenin [Reporters]
- Why did revolutions in 1830 and 1870-71 not succeed?
- What needed to happen to secure a Russian revolution?

Curtis v.2, Leon Trotsky [Reporters]
- What was needed to make the Russian revolution permanent?
- What went wrong with the Russian revolution?

Week 5: Movements & Processes

For Test 1: see dates page; covers all materials listed above this line, unless otherwise noted.

Crepaz 8, New Social Movements [Reporter]
- How do social movements vary across developed states?

Crepaz 9 (new), The State [Reporter]

Crepaz 10, Policy Outcomes [Reporter]
- Which nations are ahead on environmental policy or emancipation of women?
- Which European policy outcomes take a different direction than the US?

Crepaz 11 (was 10), The Legacy of Communism in Central & Eastern Europe
Notes from previous edition, The End of the Cold War [Reporter]
- How has Europe been transformed since the collapse of the Soviet empire?
Notes from previous edition, Transitions to Democracy [Reporter]
- What are the long term prospects for democracy in central, southern and eastern Europe?

Week 6: Nationalism and Divisions
Crepaz 12, Nationalism & Ethnicity [Notes, older edition] [Reporter]
- How do ethnic movements work in tension with nationalism?

Crepaz 13, Power Sharing in Deeply Divided Societies [Notes, older edition] [Reporter]
- Can formal power sharing reunite divided factions?
- Where has power sharing been tried, and with what results?

Test 1 returned with exemplary paragraphs presented

Week 7: Supra-National Institutions: The European Union's Development [PPT]
Lecture, History of the development of the EEC, EC and EU [PPT]
Crepaz 14: The European Union [notes to older edition]

Documentary video, New Europeans. [Slides] [PPT]
Europa.EU: timeline of key developments [PPT]
Maps of the expansion of the EU and the Schengen agreement

Globalization and European Democracies, in 6/e
Crepaz 15: Globalization and European Democracies
[Notes from older edition's conclusion]

Notes on Larry Siedentop, Democracy in Europe
- Why did some leaders in the 1950s want to join European countries?
- Why did European leaders want to construct a more perfect union in 1990?
- How can we construct governments above nation states?
- What deficiencies are there in the European Community/ Union?
- Is there a democratic deficit in the EU?

Week 8, Hauss, 7: The EUROPEAN UNION 
Lecture, Institutions and contemporary constitutional questions of the EU [PPT]

Insofar as time and equipment permit, the following PBS film series:
Documentary video, New Europeans: Road to Unity episode [Slides]
Documentary video, New Europeans: Regional Dreams episode. [Slides]
- How did the EU develop from roots in the ECSC?
- How did the Economic Community develop and who were the early members?
- Why did the UK not join the EEC in the 1960s?
- What is the difference between a common market and a political union?
- What is the significance of the Maastricht Treaty?
- Could the Euro and the political union be achieved by referenda -- or only by legislatures?
- What institutions is the EU lacking, and does it suffer from a democratic deficit?
- Will the EU ever become a US-like union?

GoogOlympics Event: a small-team Quiz (in Canvas learning management software) on right-wing Populist parties in European countries. In class, but continue for homework, enter in Canvas and report orally to class in next session.
- What are the political characteristics of each party in each country?
- Overall, are these parties similar enough to demonstrate a multi-country movement, or not?
- Overall, do the data indicate that right-wing Populism is an ephemeral, or a long-term phenomenon?

Archick, Kristin. 2013. The European Parliament, CRS brief [PDF]
- Does the EU suffer from a democratic deficit, even in its own Parliament?
- Can the 2009 Lisbon Treaty succeed in strengthening parliamentary democracy in the EU?

For Research Design, see prompts Gform and template of slides and for due date, see Dates page

Week 9: Advanced Nation States [developing states are treated in PSC 309]

British politics links

Curtis v.1, Section X, pp.301 ff,  James I, "On the Divine Right of Kings". [Reporter]
- On what theory is the monarchy to be based?
- Is a monarch to rule by absolute right - or must it be qualified?

Lecture, Evolution and principles of the unwritten UK constitution [PPT]
- What is a constitution?  What makes something "constitutional"?
- What sorts of documents comprise the UK constitution?
- How can we distinguish between ordinary statutes and constitutional ones?
- What authorities have interpreted constitutional practices?
- How did the franchise develop to encompass ordinary people?
- How did the Commons gain superiority over the Lords?
- What does parliamentary sovereignty mean in practice?

Lecture, Evolution of Democracy in Britain from the Roman Empire to the constitutional monarchy
Monty Python sketch, "What have the Romans ever done for us?" (BBC via YouTube, 3').

- What advantages did the Roman empire bequeath to England, 50 BC-250 AD?
- How did the Norman conquest of 1066 establish a new regime?
- How did the Magna Carta of 1215 beget constitutionalism?
- What does Magna Carta illustrate about the relations of Barons and King?
- How did the Lords and then the Commons develop in mediaeval times?
- What was the contribution of Henry VIII to the supremacy of State over Church?
- What was the legacy of Elizabeth I to English independence, religious tolerance, and female leadership?
- How did the struggle between Parliament and Charles I break the autocracy?
- How did the the reign of James I develop the notions of divine right -- and of a constitutional monarchy?
- How did the Glorious Revolution beget the rights of man, and establish the constitutional monarchy?
- In British culture, is democracy an absolute good, and is autocracy inherently evil?
- What are the disadvantage of evolution without a revolution and fixed constitution?

Patrick Stewart sketch, "What has the ECHR ever done for us?" (Video after Monty Python, YouTube, 3')

Illustrated lecture, Nelson's Victory at Cape Trafalgar, 21 October 1805
- How significant was the battle, and for how long?
- In what ways do Nelson's life and his battle tactics illustrate a sea change in British politics?
- Where is Nelson not buried, and why?

CIA World Factbook: UK | Ben's notes from CIA World Factbook, 2014

Week 10
Lecture, Modern British Politics: Postwar consensus, Thatcherism and post Thatcherism

Executive leadership by a prime minister in difficult times: can it be stronger than by a president?
Compact Disk or YouTube, Churchill's Wartime speeches [search YouTube for the following]

Blood, Toil, Tears and Sweat, May 1940 [Reporter]
- How did Churchill, upon becoming PM in May 1940, explain the circumstances to the British?
Fight them on the beaches, May 1940 [Reporter]
- How did Churchill prepare the nation  for the Dunkirk evacuation?
So much owed by so many to so few, August 1940 [Reporter]
- How did Church explain the result of the Battle of Britain?
Populist leadership on immigration and race: Enoch Powell and the Rivers of Blood speech
TV coverage, House of Commons Question Time: Thatcher, Major, Blair & Brown
For Test 2, check dates page; covers all materials listed before this line, unless otherwise instructed.
Week 11, Hauss, 5: FRANCE 
Lecture on the political development of France through multiple regimes [PPT]
Economist, profile of France: History, political structures, political forces
CIA World Factbook: France
Documentary video, De Gaulle: A Vision of France
- Why has France established so many types of regime?
- Why has France engaged in several revolutions and coups d'etat?
- Has France now established a stable, modern democracy?
- Is the French constitution now more like the US or British models?
- To what degree is a Great Man theory useful in explaining French politics?

Test 2 returned with exemplary paragraphs presented

Curtis v.2, pp. 15 ff, Jean-Jacques Rousseau, "The Social Contract" [Reporter]
- What philosophy inspired the French revolution?

Curtis v.2, pp. 48 ff, Thomas Paine, "The Rights of Man" [Reporter]
- What are the rights of man?
- What was the eighteenth century rationale for revolution?

Curtis v.2, pp. 48 ff, Edmund Burke, "Reflections on the Revolution in France" [Reporter]
- What cautions were issued about the dangers of revolution?

Week 12, Hauss, 6: GERMANY 
Economist, profile of Germany: History, political structures, political forces
CIA World Factbook: Germany
Travel Lectures: German History, Society, Economy & Politics
Travel seminar agenda, Bavaria 2007

Lecture on Postwar German government
- In what ways does the German constitution resemble the US, and why?
- What factors made the first German democracy unsustainable?
- What made it feasible to establish a stable democracy in 1947?

Curtis v.1, pp. 234 ff, Martin Luther, "Secular Authority;" and a Letter concerning the Hard Book Against the Peasants" [Reporter]
- Does Luther, in addition to inspiring the Protestant reformation, bear some responsibility for anti-Jewish hostility?

Curtis v.1, 234 ff, Jean Calvin, "Institutes of the Christian Religion" [Reporter]
- How did Calvin's theology encourage subservience to the State?

Curtis v.2, pp. 285 ff, Friedrich Nietzsche, "Beyond Good and Evil;" and "Also Spoke Zarathustra" [Reporter]
- Is it unfair to tie Nietzsche to the origins of Nazism?
- Is is feasible to construct a political theory outside rationalism?

Curtis v.2, pp. 234 ff, Adolf Hitler, "Mein Kampf" [Reporter]
- Did Hitler develop a coherent political theory?

- In what ways do these political theorists explain modern German political culture?

Week 13: ITALY (& Mediterranean government) [Lecture on postwar Italian government]
Economist, profile of Italy: History, political structures, political forces [Reporters]
CIA World Factbook: Italy [Reporter]
Lecture: Democracies' Challenges in the 21st Century

Curtis v.1, pp. 215 ff, Niccolo Machiavelli, "The Prince;" and "The Discourses on Livy" [Reporter]

Thinking critically [with PPT] about research design for ResearchProject: see dates page; Requirements for Projects page (corrected link); & citations page

Thanksgiving: No classes all week

Week 14: Challenges and Responses
Briefings on research projects: the issue; the research question, arguments; evidence; and findings. May be given in a 200 level course instead of this course; consult with the instructor on timing.

Critical thinking sessions (with PPT examples) about audiovisual design.
Students should prepare for Maps exercise.

Hauss 16, Global Challenges and Domestic Responses

Another chance to view and discuss the PBS series:
Documentary video, New Europeans: Unity episode. [Slides]
Documentary video, New Europeans: Regional Dreams episode. [Slides]
- How did the EU develop from roots in the ECSC?
- How did the Economic Community develop and who were the early members?
- Why did the UK not join the EEC in the 1960s?
- What is the difference between a common market and a political union?
- What is the significance of the Maastricht Treaty?
- Could the Euro and the political union be achieved by referenda -- or only by legislatures?
- What institutions is the EU lacking, and does it suffer from a democratic deficit?
- Will the EU ever become a US-like union?
Finals week
See Dates page for time of Comprehensive Final Exam, conducted for two hours, in usual classroom. May include Maps exercise, and as well as multiple choice and written questions on all materials above this line.