PSC 201: American Government,
Timetable of readings, questions and links

Revised 05/22/19 for summer term, by Dr.Jeremy Lewis

Week: [01] [02] [03] [04] [Test 1] [05] [06] [07] [Test 2] [08] [09] [Test 3] [10] [11] [12] [Optional Term Paper] [Debate] [13] 14] [Final] [Scores]

Please check the following, using your Hawks identity only:

In summer, 3 semester weeks are compressed into each summer week, and each week of readings begins on Wednesday with a test each Tuesday following; each textbook chapter (though not GoogOlympics event) should be noted in 4-5 paragraphs, and each short reading in one paragraph, submitted in the Google form for reports on readings.

When adapted for course-by-conference, any class session missed will be replaced with report paragraphs as above, or an alternative.

Reading Timetable | Notes for Serow readings 1-62 | readings 63+

Week 1 (summer week 1A): freedom, order or equality? 
First session: Explanation of course, check info, themes of the course.
Janda/Hula, Essentials 1: Dilemmas of Democracy
combines Full 1 & 2. | Discussion
Janda, Full 1: Freedom, Order or Equality? Publisher: Janda, Full 1
- Is there a political dilemma between freedom and order? [Janda]
- Is there a modern dilemma between freedom and equality? [Janda]
- How can these two dilemmas give us four types of political belief in modern US? [Janda]
- What kinds of policy or values are upheld by each political belief? [Janda]
- How do the four boxes of political beliefs differ from a traditional European spectrum of politics? [Janda]

Homework: Idealog (Web) |How to print or capture graphs
- Are you liberal, libertarian, communitarian or conservative?
Print screen or capture resulting graph, send to <jlewis>.
Volunteers: Amitai Etzioni. 2013. " Communitarianism" in Joel Krieger (ed), Oxford Companion to Comparative Politics. (NY: OUP).  pp. 221-223. [Local PDF] [Reporter]
- What are common goods or public goods -- and how do classical liberals and communitarians differ about these?
Web fun: Politics on YouTube, 2007-

Week 2 (summer week 1B): majority rules or fight for what's right? 
Janda/Hula, Essentials 1: Dilemmas of Democracy
combines Full edition 1 & 2. | Discussion
Janda, Full 2: Majoritarian or Pluralist Democracy? Publisher: Janda, Full 2
- How can we make democracy work? 
- Should a majority rule on every question?
- Are minority rights better protected by interest groups than by majoritarian democracy?
- Will a larger Republic give us a safe balance of interest groups? 

Serow 1: American Ideology
1: Alexis de Tocqueville, from "Democracy in America." (1835) [Reporter]
- What types of equality did Americans enjoy in 1831?
- Were there official ranks of nobility in the New World?
- Does democracy require social and economic as well as political equality?

12: C. Wright Mills, "The Power Elite." (1956) [Reporter]
- Who runs the US behind the scenes, a small elite or a broad set of groups?

14 : Robert Dahl, "Who Governs?" (1961) [Reporter]
- Do all citizens become incorporated into this group struggle?

5: Cornell West, "Race Matters" (1993) [Reporter]
- What types of equality are consistent with the US Founders ideas?
- Is US democracy incomplete without social or economic equality?

Fun: Beloit College's mindset of freshmen: what did YOU grow up with?
- What elements of popular culture ended when present freshmen were born? 
- What analogies in the classroom would not make sense to current freshmen? 
- And -- what do freshmen know that leaves professors ignorant?

Week 3 (summer week 1C): what the Constitution really says 
Janda/Hula, Essentials 2: Constitution | PPT | Lecture notes
Fixed or elastic? Constitutional excerpts | PPT
Notes to Full 3: Constitution | Publisher: Janda, Full 3
US Constitution (text) | (annotated version)
- How was the constitution formed and ratified? 
- What plans were proposed for the US constitution? 
- What compromises were made to secure approval of the constitution? 
- Is the constitution fixed or elastic (living)?
- Should we follow the original intent -- and was that to let the constitution evolve?
- What amendments have been made to the US constitution? 

Prepare for team quiz on fixed or elastic clauses

Serow 2: Constitution & American Democracy:
8: Richard Hofstadter, "The American Political Tradition." (1948) [Reporter]
- Is there an identifiable American political tradition?

9: De Tocqueville, from "Democracy in America" (a different selection) (1835) [Reporter]
- In rejecting the tyranny of an unjust king, is there a risk of the tyranny of the majority of citizens?

10: James Madison, The Federalist Papers, No. 10" (1787) [Reporter]
- How can the mischief of factions be controlled?
- What are the wicked projects that the Larger Republic will prevent?

Honors students: Alex Altman, "The Prophet," How Ron Paul Became One of the Most Influential ..." Time, 5 Sep. 2011 [Reporter]
- What were the ideological influences on this libertarian leader?
- Why does the author argue Rep. Paul has become influential?
- Why is libertarian ideology rising among youth?

Find online a profile of Donald Trump's voters and/or Bernie Sanders's voters)
- What is the profile of Trump voters? How do they differ from other voters?
The founders created the electoral college as one of the checks and balances on the popular vote that might produce "passions", "factions," and "wicked projects"
-In the 2016 election, did Hillary Clinton (who won the popular vote) resemble a rabble-rousing demagogue?
- did Donald Trump (who won the electoral college) resemble the better sort of person for whom the electoral college was founded?
... Or did the election produce the reverse situation?

Anonymous. 2018. "I am part of the resistance inside the Trump administration." New York Times, 5 Sep. 2018. [Reporter]

US Constitution Day [notes] explains US constitution & justice  issues has useful links. also has a fine, more advanced, US constitution site.

Week 4 (summer week 2A): working with the federal system 
Janda/Hula, Essentials 3: Federalism | PPT
Notes to Full 4: Federalism | Publisher: Janda, Full 4
- How has the relation of federal to state and local government changed over time?
- What does the federal government provide to states and localities? 
- What is the proper relation of federal government to states?

Excerpts of the US Constitution for selected issues
US Constitution, Article I, Sections 8-10: powers of Congress & states
US Constitution, Article IV, Sections 1-4: relations among states
US Constitution, Amendments IX and X: powers reserved to people & states
US Constitution, Article VI: supremacy clause
- How does the "necessary and proper" clause affect federal relations?
- Are amendments IX and X in tension with the "necessary and proper" and "Supremacy clauses?
- Can the Governor (or Chief Justice) of Alabama "nullify" a federal law?
- Which should be supreme, the federal government or our state?
- Should there be a right of secession?

Serow 3 & 4: Separation of Powers & Federalism
15: James Madison, Federalist No. 51." (1787) [Reporter]
- Why do we separate powers into different institutions?
- How can the branches of government be made to check each other?

17: James Sterling Young, "The Washington Community." (1966) [Reporter]
- How did the early Congress develop?

18: James Madison, "Federalist Papers, Nos. 39 and 46." (1787) [Reporter]
- What is the relation of federal to state and local governments?

19: Daniel Elazar, "American Federalism." (1984) [Reporter]

Review your conceptual definitions here.
See Calendar for TEST 1, which covers all materials listed above this line, unless otherwise noted, and may include both multiple choice and written work (bring both pencil and dark ballpoint pen).

Week 5 (summer week 2B): responding to public opinion 
Janda/Hula, Essentials 4: Public Opinion, Political Socialization and the Media [Discussion] [Hula PPT] [Lewis PPT]
(Combines Janda Full edition, chapters 5 & 6)
Notes to Janda, Full 5: Public Opinion and Political Socialization  | Publisher: Janda, Full 5
Michael Anft, "With Due Respect to James Madison," Johns Hopkins Magazine, Fall 2011 

Lecture on Opinion Polling
- How do pollsters construct an accurate poll? How do they sample?
- How do they construct fair questions and answers?
- How can they predict a large electorate from a small sample?
- What is the margin of sampling error? How is it related to the Sample size?

Current Affairs Issue: Who are Trump Voters?
Bakker, Roodjijn and Schumacher. 2016. "How 'Deplorable' are Trump Voters? What the Data Reveal." Newsweek, 9/13/16 [PDF]

Some remaining Serow readings from Week 3 may be reported this week, 2016.

Serow 10: Public Opinion
57: V.O. Key, "Public Opinion and American Democracy."  (1961) [Reporter]
- Can public opinion provide a democratic check on political elites?
- What is the role of public opinion and elite decisionmaking?
58: Thomas Cronin, "Direct Democracy." (1989) [Reporter]
- Is direct democracy feasible -- or will it destroy republican government?
- What are the initiative, referendum and recall?
59: Lawrence Jacobs and Robert Shapiro, "Politicians don't Pander" (2000) [Reporter]
- Do politicians follow or lead public opinion?
- Do politicians just say what people want to hear?
60: David Moore, "The Opinion Makers" (2008) [+] [Reporter]
- Can polls be wrong, and if so, how?

Test 1 returned with exemplary paragraphs presented

Web fun: Political Compass: plots your ideological position from a quiz; explanation of the two dimensions of political thinking [local file].  (More sophisticated than Idealog). [Link updated, 2014]
Web fun: Mother Jones video channel, Mitt Romney speaks at fundraiser about Obama Voters
Colbert Nation, Mitt Romney's Secret Video, parody, 18 Sep. 2012

Week 6 (summer week 2C): the media as a player in democracy 
Notes to Janda Full 6: Media |Discussion | Publisher: Janda, Full 6
Lecture on the relationship of public opinion with the media
Lecture on media organizations, audiences, interests, and techniques
- How much media coverage is of politics? 
- How do the media vary in their needs and qualities?
- Do citizens receive enough information to be sovereign in politics?

Serow 14: Media
77: Larry Sabato, "Feeding Frenzy." (1991) [Reporter]
- Has reporting of politics deteriorated since Watergate into personal scandals?

78: Morley Winograd and Michael Hais, "Millennial Makeover" (2008) [Reporter]
- Do the new electronic media create a new kind of politics?

79: Cass Sunstein, " 2.0" (2007) [Reporter]
- Does the social media age really lead to better democratic discussion?
- Do weblogs engage in debate with those of different views?
- Do blogs have any incentive to spread truth rather than falsehoods?
- Do citizens still have a shared experience, yet still confronting opposite views?

80: Diana Mutz, "How the Mass Media Divide Us" (2006) [Reporter]
- Have political debate shows polarized us?

81: Russell Peterson, "Strange Bedfellows" (2008) [Reporter]
- Can political comedy shows replace political news?

Current affairs issue: how do the media shape US campaigns? 
Howard Kurtz, "Roger's Reality Show," Newsweek, 25 Sep. 2011 [Reporter]
- Do networks have points of view, and are journalists directed to these?
- Do networks report news -- or do they also behave as political actors?
- Do networks keep a line between propaganda and news with analysis?
- Update this article: what happened to Roger Ailes in 2016?

The media's role in fact checking: 
Sharockman, Aaron. 2016. "The Truth About the 2016 presidential campaign." Truthometer at [Image of Graph]
Kessler, Glenn. 2016. "2016 Trump vs H. Clinton: A Debate Fact-check cheat sheet," Washington Post, 09/23/16

Current affairs issue: What does the youth generation see in current politics?
Cadei, Emily. 2016. What Millennials Want from Hillary Clinton." Newsweek, 9/21/16

NBC Nightly News archive, a video package on the 1996 Iowa Caucuses
- How is a reporter's work packaged as a video for TV news?
- What are the elements of a video package, and in what sequence?
- What is the role of 'expert' analysts?

Web fun: Media parody; reliance on media reports
Roger Simon's parody of Paul Ryan/Mitt Romney tension is taken seriously, Sep. 2012

Week 7 (summer week 3A): how we can participate and vote 
Janda/Hula, Essentials 5: Participation & Voting | Lecture, with charts and PPT
Notes to Full 7: Participation and Voting  | Publisher: Janda, Full 7
- What types of participation are conventional or unconventional?
- How well do Americans turn out to vote?
- What causes high or low electoral turnout?
- Is US turnout rising or falling, and does it matter?
- Are US citizens patriotic or alienated from the system?
- Why was voting so common in the C19th?
- What is the effect of education on turnout?
- Should voting be mandatory?

  Review your conceptual definitions here.
See Calendar for Test 2, which may include both multiple choice and written questions on all materials listed above this line, unless otherwise noted.

Serow 12: Voting & Elections: | Civics Model
69: David Campbell, "Why We Vote" (2006)  [Reporter]
- Why would a young adult choose to vote, anyway?
- Do we vote to show civic support - or to take sides in a struggle?
- Is there a different motivation in voting when your community thinks alike, than when it is diverse?
- If a diverse community faces a controversy, will turnout increase or drop?
- Will a homogeneous community turn out better for an election?

70: Chuck Todd and Sheldon Gawiser, "How Barack Obama Won" (2009) [Reporter] [PPT]
- What people and what events caused the (perhaps gifted but inexperienced) Sen. Obama to be elected US President?
- How did Sen. Obama's announcement signal his strategy differently than the announcements of Sens. McCain and Clinton?
- How did Sen. Obama overcome the more experienced Sen. Clinton?
- How did Sen. McCain and Sen. Clinton fall short in strategy?
- Which Democratic candidate for nomination obtained more delegates in caucus states? In primary states?
- Did the VP candidates strengthen their party tickets - or hurt them?
- Was this the start of a realignment of voters in presidential elections back towards the democrats?
- How did Todd & Gawiser expect the Republicans to react to their electoral loss in 2008?

Week 8 (summer week 3B): how parties can run campaigns for elective office 
Janda/Hula, Essentials 6: Political Parties, Elections & Campaigns | Discussion
Notes to Full 8: Political Parties  | Publisher: Janda, Full 8
- What are the functions of political parties?
- What are the US political parties like?
- How do US political parties differ from those in Europe?
- Are political parties gathering strength or weakening over time?
- Are parties private organizations or public, regulated ones?
- How has the US system of parties changed over time?
- Are some elections more important than others?

Cartoon of the 1896 election, where Mark Hanna and William McKinley hold hands with Trust
- What is a "Trust" and why are a candidate and his manager depicted as holding it?

Mo Rocca, "Electoral College 101", an Op-Doc, brief version of PBS documentary film, hosted by NY Times
- Why was the Electoral College established and how does it work?

Serow 13: Political Parties
71: Walter Dean Burnham, "Critical Elections and the Mainsprings of American Politics." (1970)  [Reporter]
- Are some elections more important than others?
- What is a realignment of voters, and is one occurring currently?

72: Morley Winograd & Michael Hais, "Millennial Makeover" (2008) [+] [Reporter]
- How are millenials becoming active and how are they changing the nature of politics?

73: John Judis, "America the Liberal: The Democratic Majority: It Emerged!" (2008) [+] [Reporter]
- Which groups does Judis claim have realigned with the democrats?
- How does Judis distinguish between two types of realignment?
- Why does Judis think a democratic President must act quickly?

74: Stuart Rothenberg, "Is 2008 a Realigning Election? Numbers Offer Some Clues." (2008)  [Reporter]
- Has there been a realignment of voters, and how would it be confirmed by the data?

75: Ronald Brownstein, "The Second Civil War" (2007) [+]  [Reporter]
- Are the political parties now really polarized?

76: Kate Zernike, "Boiling Mad" (2010) [+] [Reporter]
- Has the Tea Party enhanced American Politics? What does it stand for?

For volunteers only: Research Design, see prompts form and template of slides and for due date, see Calendar.

Week 9 (summer week 3C): how we run elections, and how we count the votes 

Lecture with PPT on Hula, parties and campaigns, continued
Notes to Janda, Full 9: Nominations, Elections and Campaigns | Discussion
Publisher: Janda, Full 9
- What are the stages of the nomination process?
- What kinds of primary and caucus are there?
- Does the presidential nomination process deliver good quality candidates?
- How well do third parties fare in campaigns?
- How does the election system count the votes?
- Can the "wrong" president be elected?
- Is the role of money in US elections excessive?
- What is the role of PACs and 527 groups in US elections?
- How are US elections exceptional compared to other rich countries?
- Should political TV advertising -- or opinion polling -- be banned?

Serow 12: Voting & Elections:
66: Dante Scala, "Stormy Weather" (2003) [+] [Reporter]
- Is New Hampshire the right state to hold the first primary?
- How is campaigning unusual in NH?
- How do the media cover 'expectations'?
- Why do potential candidates for the Presidency visit NH years before the election?

67: Dennis Johnson, "No Place for Amateurs" (2001) [Reporter]
- What are the functions of a campaign consultant, and is it worth hiring one?
- What role do professionals play in campaigns?
- Can professionals win an election, or only advise those who do?

68: David Mark, "Going Dirty" (2006)  [Reporter]
- Is negative campaigning a new strategy, and is it changing the nature of campaigns?
- Have the most famous negative ads actually been effective - and have they been immoral?
- Has negative campaigning actually got worse over the past few decades?
- Which candidates have been most successfully attacked with TV ads?

GoogOlympics Event: presidential TV ads (In case the classroom internet is too slow for video, enjoy these for homework)

Week 10 (summer week 4A): how interest groups compete for benefits 
Review your conceptual definitions here.
See Calendar for Test 3; it will cover all materials listed above this line, unless otherwise noted, and may include both multiple choice and written work.
Honors students (and those taking research project for upper level courses): tutorial in office, on research projects.

Janda/Hula, Essentials 7: Interest Groups | Lecture with PPT
Notes to Janda, Full 10: Interest Groups  | Publisher: Janda Full 10
- How can interest groups influence US politics?
- Does lobbying produce a balance of interests?
- Do interest groups represent all voters -- or mostly the upper classes?

Serow 11: Interest Groups:
61: Alexis de Tocqueville, "Democracy in America." (1835) [Reporter]
- How active are Americans in joining interest groups?
- Are active interest groups compatible with democracy?
62: EE Schattschneider, "The Semisovereign People." (1960) [Reporter]
- Who does the interest group balance favor?
63 Richard Skinner, "More Than Money" (2007) [+] [Reporter]
- Are interest groups increasing or fading in influence in US politics?
64: Robert Kaiser, "So Much Damn Money" (2009) [+] [Reporter]
- How can a lobbying firm be built up and what role does it play?
65: Joe Garcia,"La Gran Opportunidad /Up For Grabs /The Hispanic Opportunity" (2009)[+] [PPT] [Reporter]
- Will Hispanics ever become a powerful force in US politics? What do they seek?
- What are the political characteristics of Hispanics?

GoogOlympics Event: Intercollegiate Studies Institute, Constitutional Quiz | "Our Fading Heritage" (conclusions of survey)

Week 11 (summer week 4B): how the congress works (or doesn't) 
Janda/Hula, Essentials 8: Congress | Lecture with PPT
[Discussion; 2011 additions] | Notes to Janda Full 11: Congress | Publisher: Janda Full 11
- Does the member of Congress function as a Trustee, a Delegate -- or a mixture?
- How is congress organized?
- How do districts get redrawn?
- How well do incumbents get re-elected? Why?
- How do voters assess their own member - and the whole Congress?
- Does the Congress reflect the nation's characteristics?
- Is it constitutional to gerrymander districts?
- How does a bill become law?
- What are the differences between House and Senate?
- How do committees work?

US Constitution, Article I, Section 8: powers of Congress
- What are the powers of House and Senate?

Test 3 returned and exemplary paragraphs presented

GoogOlympics Event: DC Metro mapping and small team navigation exercise, with G form G form in G drive folder.

Advising week. How to pick courses for spring pre-registration: two for major field, two for core, one elective, and you will be able to graduate on time (transfer students may need to modify this).

Serow 5: Congress
22: David Mayhew, "Congress, The Electoral Connection." (1974) [Reporter]
- Does congressional behavior work purely toward re-election?
- What methods do congressmen use in serving constituents for re-election?

23: Richard Fenno, "Home Style" (1978) [Reporter]
- How do members represent themselves in their home districts?
- How do US Reps. ensure re-election?

24: Sarah Binder, "Stalemate" (2003) [+][Reporter]
- Is there much gridlock stopping policymaking -- and what are the causes?

25: Gregory Wawro & Eric Schickler, "Filibuster" (2006) [+] [Reporter]
- Why do many bills and nominations never pass the Senate?

26: Michele Swers, "The Difference Women Make" (2002) [+] [Reporter]
- Has it made any difference having women in Congress?

28: Paul Starobin, "Pork: A Time Honored Tradition Lives On" (1987) [Reporter]
- What is the reason for pork barreling? [Starobin; Ellwood]

29: John Ellwood and Eric Patashnik, “In Praise of Pork” (1993) [Reporter]
- Does pork (earmarks) actually help Congress function?

30: Senator John McCain, "Hey There! SenJohnMcCain is Using Twitter" (2009) [+] [Reporter]
- What pork projects do politicians obtain -- even when they oppose pork?

31: David Price, "The Congressional Experience" (1992) [Reporter]
- What is the experience like for a new US Rep.?

GoogOlympics Event (in even numbered, election years): Current campaign maps and voter demographics [PPT]

How the US Senate and House differ in their roles on foreign policy: even among conservatives from the same state delegation
Sims, Cliff. 2015. Photo of Massive Trade Agreement on Session's Desk Has Some Conservatives Fuming." Yellowhammer News, 9 Nov. 2015

GoogOlympics Event: Campaign TV ads for Governors and Congress

Thinking critically [with PPT] about research design for term paper: (for anyone also taking an upper level PSC course) see Calendar, APSA style citations page, and Requirements for Projects page (corrected link).
Note that, ePapers are now delivered to Turnitin. Check your email for a Course number and a password.

Week 12 (summer week 4C): how the president governs (or doesn't)
(advising and registration week)

Janda/Hula, Essentials 9: The Presidency | Lecture with PPT

Constitutional excerpts, Presidency | Invitation to struggle
Notes to Janda, Full 12: The Presidency | Publisher: Janda Full 12
US Constitution, Article II, sections 2-3: powers of presidency
US Constitution, Article II, section 1: installation and removal
US Constitution, Article II, section IV: impeachment
- What are the powers of the presidency versus Congress and the courts?
- How has the presidency swelled?
- How is the presidency organized?
- How can the presidency supervise the bureaucracy?

Serow 6: Presidency
32: Richard Neustadt, "Presidential Power." (1990) [Reporter]
- Does the president have any power beyond persuasion?

33: Arthur Schlesinger, "The Imperial Presidency" (1973) [Reporter]
- Has the presidency grown too powerful, and why?

34: Michael Cairo, "The Imperial Presidency Triumphant" (2006) [+] [Reporter]
- Does the W. Bush presidency demonstrate the imperial presidency in foreign policy?

35: Thomas Cronin, "The Paradoxes of the Presidency" (1998) [Reporter]
- Do we expect too much of the presidency?

36: Craig Rimmerman, "Rise of the Plebiscitary Presidency" (1993) [+] [Reporter]
- Did the Founders intend the presidency to base decisions on public opinion?

37: Gil Troy, "Leading From the Center" (2008) [+] [Reporter]
- Do Presidents govern from the radical wings or from the center?

38: Bradley Patterson, "White House Chief of Staff" (2000) [+] [Reporter]
- What is the role of the WH chief of staff?

Critical thinking sessions (with PPT examples) about audiovisual design.

Week 13 (summer week 5A): how the officials put the laws into effect 

Janda/Hula, Essentials 10: The Bureaucracy| Lecture notes  | Lecture with PPT
Notes to Janda, Full 13: The Bureaucracy | Publisher: Janda Full 13
- How is the bureaucracy organized?
- What are the characteristics and scale of US agencies?
- How are bureaucracies influenced by Congress, the courts and the presidency? 
- Do bureaucracies inevitably grow, or can they be controlled and limited? 
- What are the characteristics and problems of bureaucracy? [Lecture]
- Can bureaucracy be privatized, and what are the effects? [Lecture]
- If we contract out, what are the problems of controlling the monopoly? [Lecture]

Serow 7: Executive Branch
39: Hugh Heclo, "Government of Strangers." (1977) [Reporter]
- How do career civil servants and political appointees get along?

40: Paul Light, " A Government Ill Executed" (2008) [+][Reporter]
- How is the federal service being eroded?
- What trends are eroding the service?
- As baby boomers retire, how can the civil service be rejuvenated?

41: Reich, "Locked in the Cabinet" (1997) [Reporter]
- How difficult is it for a new cabinet secretary to hire appointees?

42: James Q. Wilson, "Bureaucracy" (1989) [Reporter]
- What are the problems facing bureaucracy in a democracy?
- How do the multiple virtues we seek in a bureaucracy come into mutual tension?
- How can we resolve those problems?

Presidential  Debate: This House believes only this President should be elected to the Hall of Fame:

Popular, recent choices of President
Thomas Jefferson, Andrew Jackson, Ulysses Grant, Theodore and Franklin Roosevelt, Woodrow Wilson, John F Kennedy, Richard M Nixon, Jimmy Carter, Ronald Reagan, Bill Clinton, Barack H Obama, (and now, Donald Trump?)

Advocates uphold their President's achievements, then Opposition researchers criticize the Presidents' achievements. We flip a coin to decide who is for and against. There follows a floor debate.
Briefings of research by upper level students: the issue; the research question; the arguments; evidence; and findings.
Week 14 (summer week 5B): how the courts adjudicate disputes 
Janda/Hula, Essentials 11: The Courts | Lecture with PPT
Notes to Janda, Full 14: The Courts | Publisher: Janda Full 14
US Constitution, Article III: judicial powers
- How are the courts structured? [Janda]
- What are the functions of the courts? [Janda]
- How does the judicial process work? [Janda]
- What is judicial review, and how did it develop differently in the US?
- Is judicial review compatible with democracy? [Janda]
- Is constitutional review a universal feature of developed constitutions, or unique to the US?
- Is judicial activism a liberal phenomenon or is it also found among conservative judges?

Serow 8: Judiciary
43: Alexander Hamilton, "The Federalist No. 78."[Reporter]
- Will judges be dangerous to the new republic?

44: Eugene Rostow, "The Democratic Character of Judicial Review."[Reporter]
- Is judicial review compatible with a democracy?

45: David O'Brien, "Storm Center." [Reporter]
- By what process does the supreme court decide cases?

46: David Yalof, "Pursuit of Justices" (1999) [+][Reporter]
- How are Supreme Court appointees nominated and confirmed - and who determines?

47: Richard Fallon, "The Dynamic Constitution" (2004) [+] [Reporter]
- To what degree can the 'Supremes' make law themselves, regardless of public opinion?

GoogOlympics Event: Judicial nominations from Alabama.
Apuzzo, Matt, and Michael S. Schmidt. 2017. "Trump Judicial Pick Did Not Disclose He is Married to a White House Lawyer." New York Times, 11/13/17.
Judge Roy Moore, nominee for US Senate, 2017, is accused of improper behavior (articles online, especially in the Washington Post, New York Times, and The Atlantic).

Lexington, "Doug Jones against the darkness," The Economist, 11/16/17

Briefings of research Briefings of research by upper level students: the issue; the research question; the arguments; evidence; and findings.

website: Oyez: Supreme Court Cases | Docket, AL suffers unlimited interest group donations to judicial campaigns, '07

Finals week (summer, day): where we show what we've learned 
Review your conceptual definitions here.
See Calendar for Comprehensive Final Examination, conducted for two hours, in usual classroom, covering all course materials.

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