Leafy Campus
Huntingdon College: Political Science Program
Liberal Arts Symposium 102 on Justice:
Lewis Section, spring 2001
Student Essay & Discussion Questions
Thanks for contributions!  Last updated 30 April 2001 by Jeremy Lewis.
  • 1: Introduction
  • 2: Defining.
  • 3: Economic.
  • 4: Global.
  • 5: Gender.
  • 6: Sexuality.
  • 7: Beauty & Power.
  • Midterm Essay
  • 8: Civil rights
  • 9: Human rights
  • 10: Holocaust
  • 11: War
  • 12: Science & tech.
  • 13: Statecraft
  • 14: Constitution
  • Homework Essays
  • HC Justice Syllabus
  • HC Justice Timetable
  • Section Syllabus
  • Section Timetable
  • Faculty Questions
  • Lewis Courses index
  • PSC Home Page
  • Comments
  • Final Exam
  • Questions for each weekly topic
    Questions placed here are among the better and more thematic of student questions which arrived each Sunday evening.
    1: Introduction 
    2: Defining
    Chris Koogler 
    from Nicomachean Ethics (ca. 350 B.C.) 
         Question 1:  What determines the difference between just and unjust?
    Justice as Fairness (1957) 
        Question 2:    The meaning of justice varies as one applies it to practices, particular actions, or persons.  Why is this so? 

    Sarah Chesnutt
    1)  How can it be said that "acting unjustly does not necessarily imply
    being unjust?"  I know that Aristotle offers an 'explanation' of this
    statement in the next to last paragraph but it doesn't make much sense
    to me.

    2)  Is "justice" supposed to benefit the 'common good' or an
    individual?  That seems to be a preconceived notion by many people.  In
    Rawls' writing he states that justice is "a complex of three ideas:
    liberty, equality, and reward for services contributing to the common
    good."  I'm not sure if 'justice' works in the favor of an individual or
    a society.

    Robby Nickles: Aristotle, Justice as Fairness

    1.  The just is defined as lawful and fair, and the unjust as the
    unlawful and unfair.  However, if an authority figure such as a police
    officer, who would be considered "just" were to make a mistake making
    the "fair" unfair, would that make the officer unjust?

    2.  How can one define "just" in a human society where everyone makes

     Lauren Fabrizi: Week 2: Defining Justice, "Nicomachean Ethics"
    Accodring to Aristotle, what is the definition of Justice?

    " Justice as Fairness": Does John Rawls see justice as fair?

    Larry McLemore    week 2   Justice "Justice as Fairness"    John Rawls
    1) How is an agreement reached about what "justice" is among different
    social institutions?
    2) Is it possible to achieve the justice of equal liberty for everyone that Rawls writes about in this world or in our country?  Will it ever be?

    Neal Obert LAS Week #2 "Nicomacean Ethics" and "Justice as Fairness" 
    Question #1 Page 11 Section 6: 
    "Since acting unjustly does not necessarily imply being unjust, we must ask what sort of unjust acts imply that the doer is unjust with respect to each type of injustice,..." 
        This statement is some what confusing. If you act unjustly are you not unjust? Please interpret what ideas of the author. 

    Question #2 
        The question is in reference to statement made by John Rawls on page 16 (last sentence). "Each person will, however, insist on an advantage to himself, and so on a common advantage, for none is willing to sacrifice anything for the other." 
        Are we as a society today, too self-centered in our search for justice that we cannot see past ourselves and look for the greater justice for everyone?

     Jaime Jernigan, Week 2 readings: Defining Justice [late]
    Readings : Aristotle and Rawls
    Do you think that Aristotle and Rawls would agree with Plato's examples of the "pure" doctor, grammarian, or mathemtician in defining justice?

    More specifically, in the Aristotle reading, he speaks of the "unjust" and the "just"  man - are those ideas pure in the same sense of Plato's doctor, etc? 

    Is there a point at which the "just" man can become unjust simply by acting contrary to that and vice versa for the "unjust" man? Or, once an "unjust"  person always one, and again vice versa.

    (It might be helpful to read this outloud if it doesn't make sense at


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    3: Economic

    Sarah Chesnutt, Week 2
    1)  Karl Marx is a firm believer that private property is a horrible and demeaning possesion.  He believes that it seperates people and that people do not actually own anything, but simply produce items and that production takes away from the individual.  However, the Roman Catholic church states that private property gives man a sense of ownership and importance and is essential.  So, which one is right?  Marx or the Church?

    2)  What is just about another man who happens to have the title "businessman" to spend millions of consumers' money?  Isn't that theft?

    Jaime Jernigan, Week 3, Economic Justice
    Readings: Marx, Pinto Memo

    Please allow me to go ahead and apologize for I stick my foot too far in
    my mouth if either of you find this comment offensive. The Marx piece
    really irritated me for some reason, and it has taken me a  couple of
    days to figure out why. I think I'm appalled at the audacity he takes to
    assume that all  workers are uhappy with their situation and deserve
    better, or that all owners (or people in positions of power over the
    "oppressed") would take advantage of that circumstance. In an ideal
    society, an equal amount of everything for everybody would be incredible
    - but we have never and will never live in such a society, so why pursue
    it? We discussed human nature a little in class Friday - not all people
    are independent thinking (or independent at all) and rely on someone for
    guidance. Granted the person chosen might not be of the best scruples,
    but that is the way it seems to work nonetheless. Marx speaks of
    injustice for the "workers", the "property-less", the "oppressed" - what
    about the injustice of his assumption that the opposites of those just
    mentioned are evil in someway for being in the position they're in? As
    if they are not oppressed in some other way  - is there a better
    situation to be oppressed in or in spite of and deserves more

    Second, what happend with the pinto memorandum? I find it almost funny
    that Ford would even have the audacity to say that by allowing people to
    die who placed their trust, money, and lives into a car manufactured by
    them, it was justified because it was cheaper than replacing or
    repairing the problem. . .. . but also curious as to what else they've
    decided to ignore for the sake of money . . .. . . . . .

    Chris Koogler
    Question 1:  Why would Ford, Knowing that thePinto's had a defect that
    might cause the lives of the passengers, not stop production or fix the
    Question 2:  According to The World's One Hope, why is the burden of the
    suffering put upon those who are already suffering and not those who are
    kind and happy?

    Robby Nickles, week #3
    "The Social Responsibilities of Business Is To Increase Its Profits"
    Luke 19: 1-20:18

    1.  Yes, workers in businesses have their own responsibilities, however
    business's usually want to make customers happy, so how can the business
    as a whole not have that responsibility?

    2.  According to the story in the Bible, why would the Lord get mad if
    the slave had not lost any money?

    Larry McLemore    week 3   Justice
    "The Social Responsibility of Business Is to Increase Its Profits"
    Milton Friedman
    1) Doesn't the law place enough checks and restrictions on American
    corporations even if the corporation neglects to practice "social
    responsibility" and only endeavors to make profits for itself?
    2) Aren't American corporations set up in many ways similarly to the
    United States government with the stockholders serving as the executive
    branch, the corporate executives serving as the legislative branch, and
    the employees and customers serving as the judicial branch?

    Lauren Fabrizi, week 3
    Question 1.
    What are the social responsibliities of of a business?
    Were the Egyptians truly slaves, or were they building the pyramid for
    their country? B/c if they were slaves wouldn't the thousands be able to
    overtake the few leaders?

    Marie Wilkerson
    After reading Marx's excerpt, I must say that I was substantially
    enlightened. I sympathize with Marx on some degree, and on other terms I
    found that I had adverse views....
    1.      What is Karl Marx's meaning of the political economy?

    2.      Is it just to split society into two different social classes
    for development(economic) purposes, or should all be equal

    lauren carrs justice questions
    1.what is the difference b/w social resp.and resp. for the company?
    2.why is the business not considered to have responsibilities?when ppl.
    are considered to and they are woh makes up a business?
    3.is the executive contributing to the social objection or to the
    benefits of his company?

    Rachel Palmer LAS 102: Justice Week Three 
    Readings: Bertolt Brecht, Milton Friedman, Ford Pinto Memorandum 
    Are the Milton Friedman and Fort Pinto Memorandum selections actually saying that society requires them to have social responsibilities and are these companies happy to do so as long as the responsibility does not interfere with making a profit? 

    The poem written by Bertolt Brecht raised an important question in my mind.  Why are we
    as a society ok with living in misery or just complaining about they existing conditions but
    unwilling to work on creating a solution for it? 

    Charles Hastings
    - the worlds one hope
    1.  Do you agree that opression is unavoidable? and why or why not?

    - the ford pinto memorandum
    2.  Is it justifiable that the Ford Motor Co. made more money than the
    victims made in the incompetence of building an inferrior automobile?

    Neal Obert Question #1  Karl Marx: 
        This question is in reference to the Karl Marx article. The first paragraph, second column
    of page 19, begins talking about how labor is external to man and not apart of his essential
    being. The rest of the paragraph talks about how labor degrades man, and brings him down.
    I disagree with Karl Marx because I believe working teaches responsibility, and brings

    Question #2 Milton Friedman: 
        I thought it was interesting on page 25 when Friedman talked about "social responisblities"
    in referance to the corporate excutive. He states the excutive has a responsiblitly to his
    family, conscience, church, clubs, etc.. This made me realize I had a sterotypical view of the
    "corporate excutives" as being greedy old men who wear suits to work. I'm sure there are
    people in the world that fit that description, but this writing made me realize they have some
    of the same responsibilies as me even though they are extremely rich. 


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    4: Global
    Questions for week 4: Global Issues
    Sarah Chesnutt, Week #4: "Globalization with a Human Face"
    1)  How can you unite a world that is so diverse?  You can't give everyone a computer or cell phone.  You can't have a world which speaks one language not can you unite the world through one currency or religion.  So how can you?

    2)  The reading suggests 7 steps to provide global justice.  Isn't this a little over ambitious?

    Lauren Fabrizi Week 4 Global Justice Issues
    "Bali: On Prospero's Isle/the Philippines: Born in the U.S.A."
    Why are these countries considered such paradises? What makes them so unique? What is happeneing to make these countries less of a paradise?

    "Strong States, Strong Teachers?"
    Describe a typical classroom in Malawi or any thrid world country. Are there any desks? textbooks? windows? a small teacher:student ratio? etc.

    Charles Hastings -Covering the World
    1.)  Is it just that the U.S. and other major countries didn't send troops into China to help stop the Tiananmen Square Massacre, especially since they saw live footage of the student reform?
    -Strong States, Strong Teachers
    2.)  Why do you think teachers use a lot of physical activity during the day in their classrooms?

    Marie Wilkerson
    1.   Why is globilization creating threats for the rich and poor countries?

    2.  Why in the west is there a high peak of power compared to other civilization

    Lauren Carr
    1.Okay i undersand from "The Clash of Civilizations" that countries are coming to know each other more and beginning to understand each others cultures. All this sounds good but has anybody realized that by us doing this there are more marriages and relationships of different cultures coming together and this is making us all one instead of being known by our nationality we are just a mix. This is not the way it was meant to be. and I dont know if this is a good or bad thing.

    2. From the reading "The New International Information Order" at the very end it said the comissions goal was that "everyone should be both producer and consumer of communication." I dont really understand this.

    Rachel Palmer Week 4 2/11/01 Globilization with a human face
    Introduction from Jihad vs. Mcworld
    Why has globilization being driven by opening national borders to trade and capital etc. instead of continuing the very needed enforcement of ethical treatment of people all over the world.

    Is there any way to balance the traditions of ancient cultures as well as embrace the modern customs and pop culture of the western civilization?

    late additions:

    Larry McLemore   week 4   Justice
    "The Clash of Civilizations?"  Samuel P. Huntington
    1)Is it possible to create a "global neighborhood" in which we can be
    willing to accept and appreciate all different world cultures and thus
    maintain a peaceful world?
    2)Can the United States remain in the position of "world peace keeper"
    for much longer considering the recent development of Eastern nations?

    Neal Obert LAS Week #4 
      Question  # 1: Globalization with a Human Face (2000) 
        On page 42 section 7: "Build a more coherent and more democratic architecture for global governance in the 21st century." The article list numerous ideas and events which can be implemented in order to produce this democratic architecture. As good as these suggestions are...can they really come to pass? Some possibly, but overall...I think not! 

    Question #2 Benjamin Barber Jihad vs. McWorld (1984) 
          This question is in reference to the statement found on page 44, second column, first
    paragraph: "the planet is falling precipitously apart and coming reluctantly together at the very same moment." How is this possible? Either Jihad or McWorld has to win the struggle or the world will continue to exist in the same equilibrium it always has and the article is pointless. 


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    5: Gender
    Jaime Jernigan Week 5  Justice in Gender Readings: Woolf, Ruth
    According to Ms. Woolf, why could genius not be born into working
    classes? I know that question gets into the whole "nature v. nuture"
    idea, but I think it's applicable. Cannot anyone be taught how to think,
    how to write? An inherent talent would help, but I wouldn't necessarily
    deem it a pre-requisite.

    I'm curious to ponder what Woolf would think of the women authors who,
    although successful, write the (trashy)  romance novels and so on?

    Was Ruth wrong in seemingly "giving"  herself to Boaz? Is that what
    truly happened, or is that just how we tend to interpret it?

    Sarah Chesnutt Week 5 Virginia Wolf  "A Room of One's Own"
        I think analogy to the spider web makes a lot of sense and it is a
    tangible example, therefore we can relate to it.  Would the "web" exist
    without suffering and material items?  Would it exist without women?

    Poem about My Rights
        Jordan says that "I can't do what I want to do with my own body
    because I am the wrong sex the wrong age the wrong skin."  Does this
    still apply to today's society?

    Larry McLemore   week 5   Justice
    "Stirrings of Discontent" Ellis Cose
    1)Are some of the programs that help advance minorities, such as
    affirmative action, really being unfair to people who are not minorities
    by promoting extra benefits for minority groups?
    2)Can one believe they are promoting equality when in actuality they are
    promoting racist tactics?  How can that be judged?

    Lauren Walworth Week #5
    "Poem About My Rights"
      Jordan mentions being the "wrong skin" and the "wrong gender" several
    times throughout the piece.  Why, as a society, do we make individuals feel
    "wrong" for being who they are?

    "Romans 1"
      In Romans 1:24-32, Paul writes about the wrath of God and how God  "gave
    them [the sinful people] over in the sinful desires of their hearts...he
    [God] gave them over to a depraved mind, to do what ought not to be done."
    Were God's actions "just"?

    Chris Koogler Las102 Week 5
    Question 1:  Why couldn't women write or publish during the time of
    Shakespear up through the 19th century?

    Question 2:  Why do men feel a sense of dissatisfaction when they are
    generally ahead of women in the world?

    Robby Nickles week 5 Questions
    1.  Will there ever be a point in the future where men and women feel
    they are treated equally.

    2.  Why doesn't Woolf think women can write shakespeare, when there have
    been so many great women poets in history, that are completely capable
    of it?

    Rachel Palmer Week 5 A Room of Ones Own
    June Jordan Poem
    Stirrings of Discontent

    In the Virginia Woolfe reading I was quite interested in the fact that
    today women have so much freedom but so many years ago women were
    treated as property and were thought to be nothing more than baby
    makers. I wonder if women were treated this way because men were afraid
    that they would be less of a man or they might lose their dominance that
    they found so important. It angers me to think of the way women were
    treated. Although things are tremendously better some people still think
    that the only place a women should be is at home. I think that women
    have shown their strength and knowledge with the ability to be able to
    balance family as well as work. Why are men in general so afraid to
    accept women as knowledgable powerful equals?

    The reading Stirrings of Discontent really aggravated. What are these
    men complaining about?  I realize that these men weren't the oneswho
    oppressed women and minorities in the past and maybe not even today . It
    seems to me that these men were complaining because for the first time
    someone else had some power and was in a position of dominance and for
    some reason men cannot handle that.

    Charles Hastings -Poem about my rights
    1.)  Why does this women use the word rape so much in this poem, is it a
    metaphor or did she really get raped and she's crying out in her poem?
    -A Room of One's Own
    2.)  Why does it seem so hard to understand Shakespeare? and if it's so hard
    then why do people try, it seems more resasonable if they would just accept

    Marie E.  Wilkerson
    1.   In the poem "Poem about my rights"  why in France is it just for a man
    to rape a woman and not be prosecuted because he didn't ejaculate?
    2.   Why have men referred to the bible to keep women below them in
    political and social  classes

    Lauren Fabrizi Week 5 Woman's Justice
    "Poem about My Rights"
       Why does the woman feel so sorry for herself?
       Why she keep referring to 'she is the wrong sex the wrong age the wrong skin'?

    Rachel Palmer Week 5 2/18/01 ARoom of Ones Own
    Stirrings of Discontent
    Virginia Woolfe's reading really made me think about the role of women
    throughout history. She pointed out that women are pretty much ignored
    in historical writings although they are portrayed as having personality
    in fictional writings. It seems so weird to think that at one time women
    were property and the only thing they were thought useful for was to
    take care of the house and children. It makes me wonder why these views
    were ever in place and like June Jordan wrote in her poem who made up
    these rules of society?

    The stirrings of discontent article really aggravated me. For centuries
    the white male has held all power and dominance and suddenly now woman
    and minorities are taking over that power and these men are whining
    about losing some of there identity. What about the times that women and
    minorities wer not even thought of as human beings worth anything.If
    they really feel like no one cares about them any more thay should stop
    complaining and do something about it.

    Neal Obert Question #1  Virgina Wolf "A Room of One's Own"
        Why were the injustices against women spoken of on page 83 acceptable during this time
    period? Could anything have been done to prevent them from occurring?

    Question #2 Ellis Cose "Stirrings of Discontent"
        Is their any compromise between men, women, and minorities in our society. Will the
    opportunities for these groups ever be equal or will one group always have an advantage?

    Lauren Carr
    On page 84 the second paragraph kind of contridicts itself by saying that a
    woman is nothing but yet dominates the lives of kings but yet she is
    relatively nothing in history.. That just doesnt make sense to me.

    Just a thought that came to my mind, How can men be so critical? For a man
    to be here some woman birthed him and yet he would treat her back in the
    shakesperean period, like she was property. That is horrible.

    In the reading "stirrings of discontent" it talks about how men do not feel
    powerful that they feel vulerable and off balance. I think from the men I
    know and have been around they feel anything but vulnerable most men do feel
    powerful and thats what the problem is. They think they can handle any

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    6: Sexuality

    Sarah Chesnutt, Week 6
    1)  The Roman Catholic church says that the homosexual desire is not a
    sin, but the act on that the desire is.  Isn't that what Plato is

    2)  Don't the readings from the Bible in fact support Plato's opinion?

    Lauren Walworth, Week #6 Justice in Sexuality
    "Sex and the Brain" /David Nimmons
    1.  LeVay's research on sexual orientation was widely-criticized.  Anne
    Fausto-Sterling said, "He [LeVay] claimed a wide variation in the size
    of these brain nuclei in gay and straight men, but there was still a
    broad overlap between straight and gay."  Does this overlap make the
    results of the research less valid and weaken the argument that sexual
    orientation is biological?

    2.  How would it affect society's viewpoint on homosexuality if it was
    established that homosexuality is biological and genetic?  What would
    happen if years down the road if operations were available to terminate
    potentially gay babies and so on?

    Lauren Fabrizi LAS 102 Justice "Sex and the Brain"
    Question 1: According to LeVay's studies what was proven? Now according to this
    research doe it prove that homosexuality is genetic? or that gay men are
    born that way? or that there is a genetic cause for being gay?

    Question 2: What were some of LeVay's biggest criticisms of his research?

    Larry McLemore   week 6   Justice   Bowers v. Hardwick (1986)
    1)Should homosexual couples be allowed to be married, either legally or
    2)If homosexual couples were allowed to be married should they be
    allowed to adopt children and raise a family?

    Robby Nickles Week #6 Questions
    1.  How can homophobia be a bigger sin than homosexuality?

    2.  In the early Greek days, a younger boy could not have sexual
    feelings for the older man, but the older man could.  How could the
    Greeks figure that possible?

    lauren Carr
    1.Would it be right to find out whether or not the brain size difference
    in males to find out ahead of time whether or not they were likely to be
    2.I dont think many people would have a problem with gays is they didnt
    flaunt it such as PDA. Because even with straight couples people have a
    problem with that. It seems though that gays find it necessary to do
    this to get their point across and I think thats really the only problem
    many people have against them.

    Charles hastings
    -from The Good Book
    1.)  Do you think that God really meant to condem homosexuals by having the
    AID's virus?
    -Honey, I Shrank the Neurons!!
    2.) How can you test lab rats by looking at the neurons in their brain as
    compared to a human being, without having a bit of misconception and be
    logically factual?

    Marie Wilkerson
    I am so sorry my questions are late.  I just got back to school.
    1.  In the passage "The Good Book", what does peter gomes mean by
    "godless communism"?

    2.  What is about male homosexuality that threatens and disturbs the
    male heterosexual?

    Late additions:

    Neal Obert Question 1:  Sex and the Brain (1994) 
        It is possible that Simon LeVay could have been in any way biased in his scientific findings
    about gay behavior being that he was gay? 

    Question 2: The Good Book (1996) 
        This question is in reference to a quote found on page 147 second paragraph.
    "Heterosexuality may be the dominant form of sexuality, but if does not follow that it is the
    only form of appropriate sexuality." 
        How can homosexuality or anything besides heterosexuality be "appropriate" since it is
    condemed by the Bible? 

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    7: Beauty & Power

    Charles hastings -Can You See Them
    1.) Why is Pearl Clevage running in this poem?  What is she running from?

    Lauren Fabrizi LAS 102 Week 7 Justice, Beauty, and Power
    "Can You See Them?" Question 1:
       Why is the phrase' ridin through America' repeated throughout the poem so much? What is the
    significance of these words?

    N.O.A.B. Philemon Question2:
       Explain the letter, it's purpose, who it was too.

    Campbell McLaurin  week #7   Justice, Beauty, and Power
    1) In "Can You See Them", Pearl Cleage says that she does not want to
    think about race all the time; however, she writes a poem about the
    injustice of racism, giving graphic descriptions of specific hate
    crimes.  Does this not perpetuate the thought of race to the reader and
    others affected by the poem?

    2)What is the racial discrimination situation for countries in Western
    Europe compared to the one in the United States?

    Mary Morgan
    1. Why is that it always seems that men leave women. Is it that they are
    not pretty enough or sexy enough? It just seems that more men leave
    women than women leave men. Do men expect more out of women than women
    expect out of men. I think women are more patient than men. That may be
    the reason.

    2. What's the significance of food in "The Bluest Eye"? Is it just a way
    of helping people to see what the writer is trying to say by relating it
    to something that the readers could understand?


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    Midterm Essay
    8: Civil Rights

    Campbell McLaurin  week#8    Civil Rights
     1)  The clergymen that Dr. King addressed in the letter asserted that his actions, even though peaceful, must be condemned because they precipitated violence.  Is this a logical assertion?
    2)  Were Dr. King's actions in Birmingham extreme as believed by the clergymen?

    Charles hastings    -Bolling v. Sharpe
    1.)  Why does it say that liberty cannot be restricted expect for a
    proper governmental objective? -"Brown II" Brown v. Board of Education
    2.)  Why do these particular cases need further hearing from judicial apprasial?

    Lauren Carr
    Why were Martin Luther King Jrs actions considered untimely? He waited until after the mayoral elections
    were over because he did not want to interupt anything, so in what way were thye interupting anything?
    2.What does MArtin Luther King Jr mean when he says on page 170, " I turn my faith to the inner spiritual church,the church within the church,as the true ekklesia.."?

    Lauren Fabrizi Week 8 Civil Rights Movement
    Reading: Brown vs. Board of Education
    Question: What was the case about? What was the outcome of the hearing? Was this just or
    injust in your opinion?

    Reading: Bolling vs. Sharpe
    Question: What was the case about? Where did it take place? What was the final outcome of
    the case? Was this a just or injust case?

    Marie Wilkerson
    1.  In "Brown II" it says that"the courts will require that the defendants make a prompt and reasonable start toward  full compliance with our May 17,1954, ruling." Why is it that in Alabama many of the public schools were
    not intergarate until the early seventys?
    2. If there was almost no existance of education of negroes before 1954, how can you expect a people who were kept illiterate to become equal in society within less than fifty years to those who were educated?

    Sarah Chesnutt Week 7 Justice in Race
    Romans 13
    Romans says that all we owe to one another is love.  We are to love one another, love our neighbors as oursleves, etc.  However, it also says we are to obey the authorities for they serve God.  Isn't this an oxymoron?  Look at the things the authorities ask of us, they aren't exactly loving.

    Brown II
    All the action to be taken after the case is heard is left up to people outside the courts.  If something could have been done without the courts help then it wouldn't have been asked to intervene.  So why is all the action left up to everyone but the court?

    Larry McLemore   week 8   Justice 
    Brown v. Board of Education and "Brown II" 
    1) In what ways is the Plessy v. Ferguson decision unfair, and why did it take so long for the
    Court to reverse some of its ruling? 
    2) What are the positive and negative things about integration in schools?  What about for

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    9: Human Rights

    Sarah Chesnutt, Questions for Week 9
    Universal Declaration Of Human Rights
    1)  Article 2 states that "everyone is entitled to the rights and freedoms set forth in this declaration"  but as you read it is clear to see that many people are still denied those things set forth in the document.  Why?
    Deep Ecology-A New Paradigm
    2)  Do you really think we will ever reach a "sustainable society?"

    Jaime  Jernigan  18 March 2001  Week 9 : Human  Rights
    In reference to the reading, Universal Declaration of Human Rights, how are the societies to whom this document was presented to interpret the statements given?  For example, Article 4, how is one to interpret slavery or servitude? Does that rule out maids, and butlers and such?
    Would Article 16 advocate homosexual marriages? In Article 23, how would they respond to "downsizing" or lay-offs? In general, how well was this declaration put into pracitce, and also how and how well is it enforced?

    In reference to the reading Deep Ecology - does Capra believe that there will one day be a world wide relgion based on the deep spritiual nature of this deep ecology? With the freedom to believe what you choose and even more so to create your own religion, does Capra honestly think that people will give up so easily on what they've come to know and accept, simply because his theory "fits in"  with the major religions?

    Lauren Carr
    How can 2 groups of people become seperate and equal at the same time? Why did they not want them to be
    together if they were truly equal?

    Lauren Walworth LAS102 "Deep Ecology--A New Paradigm"
    1.  Capra discusses that in deep ecology, a society shifts from being a male-dominated society to that of a partnership one.  How would history and life in general be different if society had always been a partnership one?

    2.  How much effort will it take to move to this new society?  How long will it be before definite changes are made?

    Lauren Fabrizi  Week 9  LAS 102  Human Rights
    Reading: Universal Declaration of Human Rights(1948)
    Question 1: Describe the articles. What is the point of these articles?

    Reading: Beijing Declaration(1995)
    Question 2: What are Beijings beliefs? What is the Declaration say about their society?

    Campbell McLaurin  week#9   Human Rights
    1)  Has the Universal Declaration of Human Rights had any influence on countries not affiliated with the UN?
    2)  What was the impact of the United States and its constitution on the articles put forth in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights?

    Larry McLemore   week 9   Justice Universal Declaration of Human Rights (1948)
    1)Is it possible that the human rights of one individual could infringe on the human rights of another individual?
    2)What does it say about the human culture that it took us to recent times to come up with these basic human rights?

    Charles hastings    -Universal Declaration of Human Rights
    1.)  In Article 5 it says no one should be subjected to torture or cruel behavior.  Why do we have capital punishment then?
    2.)  In Article 15 how would a person go about changing their nationality?

    Neal Obert
    Question 1     Does Article #5 in the Unversal Declaration of Human Rights cause the death pentaly to wrong since it is against cruel or degrading punishment?

    Question 2     Is shallow ecology any better than deep ecology or are they about equal?


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    10: Holocaust
    LAS 102 Questions for Holocaust: Week 10
    Sarah Chesnutt
    Why did Elie Wiesel change his name?  Does it have anything to do with him escaping the concentration camp?

    How easy was it to deny being a jew?  The young "french girl" was able to do it so why wasn't he and his family?

    Larry McLemore  week 10  LAS  Justice  Holocaust
    Night  Elie Wiesel
    1)How was it possible for people to be so horribly treated and it kept virtually secret?
    2)How can we prevent it from happening again?


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    11: War
    (these questions are preserved in hardcopy, if not in this page.)


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    12: Science

    Lauren Fabrizi
    Reading 1: Like our Bodies' Imprint
    Question 1: what is the poem talking about? Is this a depressing poem?
    Reading 2: : Like our Bodies' Imprint
    Question 2: What does the last line" None will help me" mean?

    Marie Wilkerson
    1.  What is the extent to the social responsiblilities of scientist and science?  Is is ok to clone a sheep but not a human? Is it ok to disrupt nature by saving pre-mature babies from dying?
    2.  Should the government put restrictions on scientific works and experiments

    Larry McLemore   week 12   Justice   Science and Technology readings
    1) To what extent should individuals who create innovative technologies used in warfare (such as nuclear weapons) be held accountable for the destruction their creations cause?
    2) In scientific and technological advancements, how far must we go before we realize that we have gone too far?  For example, is cloning human beings a worthy or reasonable endeavor?

    Charlie hastings -Like Our Bodies' Imprint
    1.)  Amichai says, that there is not a sign that will remain after you leave a place.  How does Amichai say that, when you can easily tell if someone has been in a place due to numerous factors that people affect the enviroment.
    -The Social Responsibilities of Scientists and Science
    2.)  How can a scientist and the technology they hold have all the control of preventing a milatary disaster without a great leader?

    Neal Obert
    Sorry these questions are late! I didn't get back to school until 8pm.
    1.) Why did the author say that non-scientist only understand parts of the world?
    2.) Why is the ability to make war easier in non developed countries?

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    13: Statecraft
    Neal Obert
    Can a leader really be a good if he or she tries his best to appease all the subjects? We all
    know from experience that you can please everyone because all people will not always
    agree on the leaders actions being just. 

    What did the Tao te Ching article mean by "Governing a great state is like cooking small

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    14: Constitutions
    Marie Wilkerson
    1.  Since President Clinton was accused of lying about the Lewinski  scandal,  why was he not impeached.  In Article II, section 4 it states that the President, Vice President , and all civil officers of the Untied States, shall be removed from office on impeachment for , and conviction of, treason, bridery, or other high crimes and misdemeanors.

    2.  In the Constitution it doesn't say anything about repairations for the disadvantaged or captured.  The Chinese were given repairations when they got out of the camps after WWII.  Why shouldn't descendants of slaves receive the same repairations for keeping the economy going through centuries of work.

    Campbell McLaurin     Week 14             Justice Under Constitutions
    1)  The writers of the Declaration state that when a ruler forces "absolute despotism" upon the people it is the people's right and duty to overthrow the government.  Why did they use the phrase "absolute despotism" when this type of government was not being forced upon the colonists?

    2)Also in the Declaration of Independence, Were the colonists attempting to insult the King by not using his name?

    Lauren Fabrizi  LAS 102  Week 14  Justice Under Constitutions
    Reading 1: The Declaration on Independence
    Question 1: Do you feel that the 13 colonies were justified in breaking away from England and becoming a nation of it's own? Were the reasons stated in the Declaration strong reasons and just?

    Reading 2: The Constitution of the United States of America

    Question 2:  Did the writers of the Constitution leave anything out that you feel should be in the Constitution or do you feel anything was put in that does not belong?


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    Homework Essays
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    Final Exam
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